Laparoscopy represents an invaluable diagnostic and therapeutic technique in the treatment of patients with genitourinary disease. It is indisputable that patients frequently benefit from decreased pain, shortened hospital stay, and more rapid return to full activity with a laparoscopic approach, compared to an open technique. Within the field of urology, laparoscopy has evolved from its early use purely for diagnostic purposes, to providing the means necessary to perform extirpative surgery for solid organ tumors. Currently, complex reconstructive urologic procedures are being performed completely intracorporeally using laparoscopy. As technology continues to advance, future directions will need to focus on merging these innovative technologies with existing and novel laparoscopic instruments.
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