Red Panda Anatomy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the red panda anatomy. While studying the external anatomy, it was found that the facial vibrissae of the red panda, located in the buccal, mandibular, and submental regions, are moderate in length. The erect, triangular-shaped ears are covered with white hair ventrally, apart from a red patch in the centre. The red panda possesses 36 to 38 teeth and has the dental formula: i 3/3, c 1/1, p 3/3-4, m 2/2. The first upper premolar is absent, while the first lower premolar is absent or vestigial. Compared to other carnivores, the red panda's mandible is more robust than expected based on body size; however, the mandible of the giant panda is even more robust, reflecting its dependence on the hardest part of the bamboo plant, the stems. The larynx of the red panda resembles that of the procyonids, in that the thyroid, cri- coid, arytenoid, and corniculate cartilages are reduced, while the cuneiform cartilages are absent. The glands associated with the reproductive system are reduced or absent in the red panda. Similar toursids, Ailurus is characterized by a small prostate gland; infact, in the giant panda, the gland is absent altogether. Further, in the red panda, the humerus is characterized by a prominent entepicondylar foramen. This foramen is absent in ursids and canids. In Ailurus, the entepicondylar foramen transmits the median nerve; however, the brachial artery does not travel through this foramen. This arrangement is also found in procyonids; however, inmustelids and feliforms, the artery and the nerve travel through the foramen. © 2011

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRed Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages89-100
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781437778137
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Ailuridae
Ursidae
Bicuspid
Mandible
Anatomy
Tooth
Arytenoid Cartilage
Plant Stems
Vibrissae
Brachial Artery
Cheek
Median Nerve
Humerus
Body Size
Larynx
Cartilage
Ear
Ailurus
Prostate
Thyroid Gland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Fisher, R. E. (2010). Red Panda Anatomy. In Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda (pp. 89-100). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-7813-7.00006-9

Red Panda Anatomy. / Fisher, Rebecca E.

Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda. Elsevier Inc., 2010. p. 89-100.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Fisher, RE 2010, Red Panda Anatomy. in Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda. Elsevier Inc., pp. 89-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-7813-7.00006-9
Fisher RE. Red Panda Anatomy. In Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda. Elsevier Inc. 2010. p. 89-100 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4377-7813-7.00006-9
Fisher, Rebecca E. / Red Panda Anatomy. Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda. Elsevier Inc., 2010. pp. 89-100
@inbook{a9f6901af2464b2cbe734b4df0240898,
title = "Red Panda Anatomy",
abstract = "This chapter focuses on the red panda anatomy. While studying the external anatomy, it was found that the facial vibrissae of the red panda, located in the buccal, mandibular, and submental regions, are moderate in length. The erect, triangular-shaped ears are covered with white hair ventrally, apart from a red patch in the centre. The red panda possesses 36 to 38 teeth and has the dental formula: i 3/3, c 1/1, p 3/3-4, m 2/2. The first upper premolar is absent, while the first lower premolar is absent or vestigial. Compared to other carnivores, the red panda's mandible is more robust than expected based on body size; however, the mandible of the giant panda is even more robust, reflecting its dependence on the hardest part of the bamboo plant, the stems. The larynx of the red panda resembles that of the procyonids, in that the thyroid, cri- coid, arytenoid, and corniculate cartilages are reduced, while the cuneiform cartilages are absent. The glands associated with the reproductive system are reduced or absent in the red panda. Similar toursids, Ailurus is characterized by a small prostate gland; infact, in the giant panda, the gland is absent altogether. Further, in the red panda, the humerus is characterized by a prominent entepicondylar foramen. This foramen is absent in ursids and canids. In Ailurus, the entepicondylar foramen transmits the median nerve; however, the brachial artery does not travel through this foramen. This arrangement is also found in procyonids; however, inmustelids and feliforms, the artery and the nerve travel through the foramen. {\circledC} 2011",
author = "Fisher, {Rebecca E}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1016/B978-1-4377-7813-7.00006-9",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781437778137",
pages = "89--100",
booktitle = "Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Red Panda Anatomy

AU - Fisher, Rebecca E

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This chapter focuses on the red panda anatomy. While studying the external anatomy, it was found that the facial vibrissae of the red panda, located in the buccal, mandibular, and submental regions, are moderate in length. The erect, triangular-shaped ears are covered with white hair ventrally, apart from a red patch in the centre. The red panda possesses 36 to 38 teeth and has the dental formula: i 3/3, c 1/1, p 3/3-4, m 2/2. The first upper premolar is absent, while the first lower premolar is absent or vestigial. Compared to other carnivores, the red panda's mandible is more robust than expected based on body size; however, the mandible of the giant panda is even more robust, reflecting its dependence on the hardest part of the bamboo plant, the stems. The larynx of the red panda resembles that of the procyonids, in that the thyroid, cri- coid, arytenoid, and corniculate cartilages are reduced, while the cuneiform cartilages are absent. The glands associated with the reproductive system are reduced or absent in the red panda. Similar toursids, Ailurus is characterized by a small prostate gland; infact, in the giant panda, the gland is absent altogether. Further, in the red panda, the humerus is characterized by a prominent entepicondylar foramen. This foramen is absent in ursids and canids. In Ailurus, the entepicondylar foramen transmits the median nerve; however, the brachial artery does not travel through this foramen. This arrangement is also found in procyonids; however, inmustelids and feliforms, the artery and the nerve travel through the foramen. © 2011

AB - This chapter focuses on the red panda anatomy. While studying the external anatomy, it was found that the facial vibrissae of the red panda, located in the buccal, mandibular, and submental regions, are moderate in length. The erect, triangular-shaped ears are covered with white hair ventrally, apart from a red patch in the centre. The red panda possesses 36 to 38 teeth and has the dental formula: i 3/3, c 1/1, p 3/3-4, m 2/2. The first upper premolar is absent, while the first lower premolar is absent or vestigial. Compared to other carnivores, the red panda's mandible is more robust than expected based on body size; however, the mandible of the giant panda is even more robust, reflecting its dependence on the hardest part of the bamboo plant, the stems. The larynx of the red panda resembles that of the procyonids, in that the thyroid, cri- coid, arytenoid, and corniculate cartilages are reduced, while the cuneiform cartilages are absent. The glands associated with the reproductive system are reduced or absent in the red panda. Similar toursids, Ailurus is characterized by a small prostate gland; infact, in the giant panda, the gland is absent altogether. Further, in the red panda, the humerus is characterized by a prominent entepicondylar foramen. This foramen is absent in ursids and canids. In Ailurus, the entepicondylar foramen transmits the median nerve; however, the brachial artery does not travel through this foramen. This arrangement is also found in procyonids; however, inmustelids and feliforms, the artery and the nerve travel through the foramen. © 2011

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84882859967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84882859967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-1-4377-7813-7.00006-9

DO - 10.1016/B978-1-4377-7813-7.00006-9

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84882859967

SN - 9781437778137

SP - 89

EP - 100

BT - Red Panda: Biology and Conservation of the First Panda

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -