The crystal structure of conichalcite [calcium copper(II) arsenate(V) hydroxide], with ideal formula CaCu(AsO4)(OH), was redetermined from a natural twinned specimen found in the Maria Catalina mine (Chile). In contrast to the previous refinement from photographic data [Qurashi & Barnes (1963). Can. Mineral. 7, 561-577], all atoms were refined with anisotropic displacement parameters and with the H atom located. Conichalcite belongs to the adelite mineral group. The Jahn-Teller-distorted [CuO6] octa-hedra share edges, forming chains running parallel to . These chains are cross-linked by eight-coordinate Ca atoms and by sharing vertices with isolated AsO4 tetra-hedra. Of five calcium arsenate minerals in the adelite group, the [MO6] (M = Cu, Zn, Co, Ni and Mg) octa-hedron in conichalcite is the most distorted, and the donor-acceptor O - H⋯O distance is the shortest.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Acta Crystallographica Section E: Structure Reports Online|
|State||Published - 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics