Reduced Nrf2 expression mediates the decline in neural stem cell function during a critical middle-age period

Mandi J. Corenblum, Sneha Ray, Quentin W. Remley, Min Long, Bryan Harder, Donna Zhang, Carol A Barnes, Lalitha Madhavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although it is known that the regenerative function of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) declines with age, causal mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not understood. Here, we systematically analyze subventricular zone (SVZ) NSPCs, in various groups of rats across the aging spectrum, using in vitro and in vivo histological and behavioral techniques. These studies indicate that although NSPC function continuously declines with advancing age, there is a critical time period during middle age (13–15 months) when a striking reduction in NSPC survival and regeneration (proliferation and neuronal differentiation) occurs. The studies also indicate that this specific temporal pattern of NSPC deterioration is functionally relevant at a behavioral level and correlates with the decreasing expression of the redox-sensitive transcription factor, Nrf2, in the NSPCs. When Nrf2 expression was suppressed in ‘young’ NSPCs, using short interfering RNAs, the survival and regeneration of the NSPCs was significantly compromised and mirrored ‘old’ NSPCs. Conversely, Nrf2 overexpression in ‘old’ NSPCs rendered them similar to ‘young’ NSPCs, and they showed increased survival and regeneration. Furthermore, examination of newborn Nrf2 knockout (Nrf2 −/−) mice revealed a lower number of SVZ NSPCs in these animals, when compared to wild-type controls. In addition, the proliferative and neurogenic potential of the NSPCs was also compromised in the Nrf2−/− mice. These results identify a novel regulatory role for Nrf2 in NSPC function during aging and have important implications for developing NSPC-based strategies to support healthy aging and to treat age-related neurodegenerative disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-736
Number of pages12
JournalAging Cell
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • aging
  • neural stem cells
  • Nrf2
  • oxidative stress
  • redox
  • subventricular zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

Cite this