Reducing HIV risk behaviors: Perceptions of HIV risk and stage of change

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The HIV epidemic has had a dramatic impact on the lives of individuals, families, and communities around the world. Originally identified in homosexual men, HIV increasingly affects others, including: (1) those who inject drugs, (2) non-injection drug users who engage in unsafe sex, and (3) non-drug using heterosexuals who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. The need for effective HIV prevention interventions is critical. All too often interventions have lacked sound theoretical frameworks. However, some attempts have been made to ground HIV risk behavior interventions in behavior theories such as: (1) the health belief model, (2) cognitive social learning theory, (3) the theory of reasoned action, and (4) the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). This paper describes an HIV prevention intervention that was developed from the TMBC model. The TMBC model hypothesizes stages of change. In this study, injection drug users (IDUs), crack cocaine users (CCUs), and female sexual partners of IDUs and CCUs identified their stage of change and were given an intervention based upon their identified stage. Baseline and post intervention follow-up data were obtained on participants' perceived stage and reported HIV sexual risk behavior. The data indicated that there was little congruence between perceived stage and reported risk. In spite of this incongruence, significant decreases in HIV risk behaviors were evidenced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-618
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1996

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
risk behavior
HIV
drug
Drug Users
Crack Cocaine
Sexual Behavior
behavior theory
cognitive learning
Unsafe Sex
social learning
Injections
learning theory
homosexuality
Sexual Partners
Heterosexuality
health
Health
community
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Reducing HIV risk behaviors : Perceptions of HIV risk and stage of change. / Stevens, Sally J; Estrada, Antonio L.

In: Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 26, No. 3, 06.1996, p. 607-618.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4860cba3634041f69739f0c0e111000e,
title = "Reducing HIV risk behaviors: Perceptions of HIV risk and stage of change",
abstract = "The HIV epidemic has had a dramatic impact on the lives of individuals, families, and communities around the world. Originally identified in homosexual men, HIV increasingly affects others, including: (1) those who inject drugs, (2) non-injection drug users who engage in unsafe sex, and (3) non-drug using heterosexuals who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. The need for effective HIV prevention interventions is critical. All too often interventions have lacked sound theoretical frameworks. However, some attempts have been made to ground HIV risk behavior interventions in behavior theories such as: (1) the health belief model, (2) cognitive social learning theory, (3) the theory of reasoned action, and (4) the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). This paper describes an HIV prevention intervention that was developed from the TMBC model. The TMBC model hypothesizes stages of change. In this study, injection drug users (IDUs), crack cocaine users (CCUs), and female sexual partners of IDUs and CCUs identified their stage of change and were given an intervention based upon their identified stage. Baseline and post intervention follow-up data were obtained on participants' perceived stage and reported HIV sexual risk behavior. The data indicated that there was little congruence between perceived stage and reported risk. In spite of this incongruence, significant decreases in HIV risk behaviors were evidenced.",
author = "Stevens, {Sally J} and Estrada, {Antonio L}",
year = "1996",
month = "6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "607--618",
journal = "Journal of Drug Issues",
issn = "0022-0426",
publisher = "Journal of Drug Issues Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reducing HIV risk behaviors

T2 - Perceptions of HIV risk and stage of change

AU - Stevens, Sally J

AU - Estrada, Antonio L

PY - 1996/6

Y1 - 1996/6

N2 - The HIV epidemic has had a dramatic impact on the lives of individuals, families, and communities around the world. Originally identified in homosexual men, HIV increasingly affects others, including: (1) those who inject drugs, (2) non-injection drug users who engage in unsafe sex, and (3) non-drug using heterosexuals who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. The need for effective HIV prevention interventions is critical. All too often interventions have lacked sound theoretical frameworks. However, some attempts have been made to ground HIV risk behavior interventions in behavior theories such as: (1) the health belief model, (2) cognitive social learning theory, (3) the theory of reasoned action, and (4) the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). This paper describes an HIV prevention intervention that was developed from the TMBC model. The TMBC model hypothesizes stages of change. In this study, injection drug users (IDUs), crack cocaine users (CCUs), and female sexual partners of IDUs and CCUs identified their stage of change and were given an intervention based upon their identified stage. Baseline and post intervention follow-up data were obtained on participants' perceived stage and reported HIV sexual risk behavior. The data indicated that there was little congruence between perceived stage and reported risk. In spite of this incongruence, significant decreases in HIV risk behaviors were evidenced.

AB - The HIV epidemic has had a dramatic impact on the lives of individuals, families, and communities around the world. Originally identified in homosexual men, HIV increasingly affects others, including: (1) those who inject drugs, (2) non-injection drug users who engage in unsafe sex, and (3) non-drug using heterosexuals who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. The need for effective HIV prevention interventions is critical. All too often interventions have lacked sound theoretical frameworks. However, some attempts have been made to ground HIV risk behavior interventions in behavior theories such as: (1) the health belief model, (2) cognitive social learning theory, (3) the theory of reasoned action, and (4) the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). This paper describes an HIV prevention intervention that was developed from the TMBC model. The TMBC model hypothesizes stages of change. In this study, injection drug users (IDUs), crack cocaine users (CCUs), and female sexual partners of IDUs and CCUs identified their stage of change and were given an intervention based upon their identified stage. Baseline and post intervention follow-up data were obtained on participants' perceived stage and reported HIV sexual risk behavior. The data indicated that there was little congruence between perceived stage and reported risk. In spite of this incongruence, significant decreases in HIV risk behaviors were evidenced.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029792879&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029792879&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029792879

VL - 26

SP - 607

EP - 618

JO - Journal of Drug Issues

JF - Journal of Drug Issues

SN - 0022-0426

IS - 3

ER -