Reductive and oxidative destruction of chlorinated hydrocarbons in gas-phase catalytic reactors: Packed-beds and modified fuel cells

Xiumin Ju, Avelino E Saez, Wendell P Ela, Robert G Arnold, Eric Betterton, Matthew Wallen, Kate Candillo, Brian Barbaris, Ozer Orbay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The catalytic destruction of trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene was studied in a packed-bed reactor (Pt/alumina) and a modified fuel cell (Pt/carbon cloth) to treat soil-vapor extraction gases. Mechanisms and conditions for which reductive dehalogenation and oxidation of the targets occur when both hydrogen and oxygen are present in the reactive mixture were established. Low temperatures (< 200°C) favored reductive dehalogenation of the targets and produced ethane, while higher temperatures (between 200° and 400°C) favored oxidative dehalogenation and produced CO 2. Reductive dehalogenation of the targets was achieved in the cathode of the modified fuel cell using cell potential (0.1-0.4 v cathode relative to anode) to control the supply of hydrogen for the reaction by reformation of hydrogen gas in the cathode from protons produced in the anode. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 228th ACS National Meeting (Philadelphia, PA 8/22-26/2004).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Volume228
Edition1
StatePublished - 2004
EventAbstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2004Aug 26 2004

Other

OtherAbstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period8/22/048/26/04

Fingerprint

Dehalogenation
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Packed beds
Fuel cells
Gases
Hydrogen
Cathodes
Anodes
Tetrachloroethylene
Trichloroethylene
Ethane
Aluminum Oxide
Carbon Monoxide
Protons
Carbon
Vapors
Oxygen
Soils
Oxidation
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Reductive and oxidative destruction of chlorinated hydrocarbons in gas-phase catalytic reactors : Packed-beds and modified fuel cells. / Ju, Xiumin; Saez, Avelino E; Ela, Wendell P; Arnold, Robert G; Betterton, Eric; Wallen, Matthew; Candillo, Kate; Barbaris, Brian; Orbay, Ozer.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Vol. 228 1. ed. 2004.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ju, X, Saez, AE, Ela, WP, Arnold, RG, Betterton, E, Wallen, M, Candillo, K, Barbaris, B & Orbay, O 2004, Reductive and oxidative destruction of chlorinated hydrocarbons in gas-phase catalytic reactors: Packed-beds and modified fuel cells. in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 1 edn, vol. 228, Abstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, United States, 8/22/04.
Ju, Xiumin ; Saez, Avelino E ; Ela, Wendell P ; Arnold, Robert G ; Betterton, Eric ; Wallen, Matthew ; Candillo, Kate ; Barbaris, Brian ; Orbay, Ozer. / Reductive and oxidative destruction of chlorinated hydrocarbons in gas-phase catalytic reactors : Packed-beds and modified fuel cells. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Vol. 228 1. ed. 2004.
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AU - Arnold, Robert G

AU - Betterton, Eric

AU - Wallen, Matthew

AU - Candillo, Kate

AU - Barbaris, Brian

AU - Orbay, Ozer

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