Reductive dehalogenation of aqueous-phase chlorinated hydrocarbons in an electrochemical reactor

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Abstract

This work describes the reductive dehalogenation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) in a novel liquid-phase electrochemical reactor. The reactor consists of a cylindrical porous copper cathode with a concentric carbon-cloth anode wrapped around the cathode. The results show that CT destruction can be achieved, even in low conductivity solutions (i.e., deionized water), reaching 80% conversion of CT with a residence time of 10 min when a cathode potential of -0.4 V (versus a standard hydrogen electrode) is used. A mathematical model was formulated to simulate reactor performance. The model accounted for CT reductive dechlorination, hydrogen evolution on the cathode surface, and CT mass-transfer limitations. The equilibrium potential for CT reduction on the cathode surface was the only adjustable parameter. The model adequately represented experimental data under high-conductivity (2.2 S/m) and low-conductivity (0.05 S/m) conditions. The model results and experimental observations suggest that the entire cathode was active during CT reduction experiments, i.e., solution potential did not render portions of the cathode nonreactive, even in the low-conductivity experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7965-7974
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume43
Issue number25
StatePublished - Dec 8 2004

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Dehalogenation
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon Tetrachloride
chlorinated hydrocarbon
Cathodes
carbon
conductivity
Hydrogen
Dechlorination
hydrogen
Deionized water
reactor
dechlorination
Copper
Anodes
Carbon
Mass transfer
Experiments
mass transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Reductive dehalogenation of aqueous-phase chlorinated hydrocarbons in an electrochemical reactor",
abstract = "This work describes the reductive dehalogenation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) in a novel liquid-phase electrochemical reactor. The reactor consists of a cylindrical porous copper cathode with a concentric carbon-cloth anode wrapped around the cathode. The results show that CT destruction can be achieved, even in low conductivity solutions (i.e., deionized water), reaching 80{\%} conversion of CT with a residence time of 10 min when a cathode potential of -0.4 V (versus a standard hydrogen electrode) is used. A mathematical model was formulated to simulate reactor performance. The model accounted for CT reductive dechlorination, hydrogen evolution on the cathode surface, and CT mass-transfer limitations. The equilibrium potential for CT reduction on the cathode surface was the only adjustable parameter. The model adequately represented experimental data under high-conductivity (2.2 S/m) and low-conductivity (0.05 S/m) conditions. The model results and experimental observations suggest that the entire cathode was active during CT reduction experiments, i.e., solution potential did not render portions of the cathode nonreactive, even in the low-conductivity experiments.",
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AU - He, Jiahan

AU - Ela, Wendell P

AU - Betterton, Eric

AU - Arnold, Robert G

AU - Saez, Avelino E

PY - 2004/12/8

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N2 - This work describes the reductive dehalogenation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) in a novel liquid-phase electrochemical reactor. The reactor consists of a cylindrical porous copper cathode with a concentric carbon-cloth anode wrapped around the cathode. The results show that CT destruction can be achieved, even in low conductivity solutions (i.e., deionized water), reaching 80% conversion of CT with a residence time of 10 min when a cathode potential of -0.4 V (versus a standard hydrogen electrode) is used. A mathematical model was formulated to simulate reactor performance. The model accounted for CT reductive dechlorination, hydrogen evolution on the cathode surface, and CT mass-transfer limitations. The equilibrium potential for CT reduction on the cathode surface was the only adjustable parameter. The model adequately represented experimental data under high-conductivity (2.2 S/m) and low-conductivity (0.05 S/m) conditions. The model results and experimental observations suggest that the entire cathode was active during CT reduction experiments, i.e., solution potential did not render portions of the cathode nonreactive, even in the low-conductivity experiments.

AB - This work describes the reductive dehalogenation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) in a novel liquid-phase electrochemical reactor. The reactor consists of a cylindrical porous copper cathode with a concentric carbon-cloth anode wrapped around the cathode. The results show that CT destruction can be achieved, even in low conductivity solutions (i.e., deionized water), reaching 80% conversion of CT with a residence time of 10 min when a cathode potential of -0.4 V (versus a standard hydrogen electrode) is used. A mathematical model was formulated to simulate reactor performance. The model accounted for CT reductive dechlorination, hydrogen evolution on the cathode surface, and CT mass-transfer limitations. The equilibrium potential for CT reduction on the cathode surface was the only adjustable parameter. The model adequately represented experimental data under high-conductivity (2.2 S/m) and low-conductivity (0.05 S/m) conditions. The model results and experimental observations suggest that the entire cathode was active during CT reduction experiments, i.e., solution potential did not render portions of the cathode nonreactive, even in the low-conductivity experiments.

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