Despite aggressive treatment with conventional therapy, sarcoidosis may be progressive and debilitating. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is critical in the genesis and maintenance of granulomatous inflammation. Agents developed to inhibit TNF-α have been approved to treat rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease with unprecedented success. As such, physicians are increasingly using these agents to treat patients with other inflammatory diseases, including sarcoidosis. We report a case of refractory sarcoidosis, involving the lung, eyes, skin, and heart, which flared despite aggressive therapy. Oculocutaneous sarcoid dramatically improved after treatment with the anti-TNF antibody infliximab.
- Tumor necrosis factor-α
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine