Achieving the greatest coverage using limited resources has long been a concern for regional planners. Since the 1970s, a variety of models have been studied and relied upon. Finding ways to best represent geographical space remains a challenge to many researchers. Solutions suggested by models vary greatly with different space representation schemes. For example, in the past, points have been widely adopted to represent spatial demand for coverage. However, this simple abstraction of geographical space could bring about inaccuracies and uncertainties, and often compromises its solution quality. Considering that demand can be area based, which is beyond points, objects of different shapes have been proposed as an alternative for representation. With advances in geographic information systems (GISs), the new representation scheme using objects has recently received much attention. Compared with the straightforward point-based abstraction, spatial object representation poses considerable challenges to both model formulation and computation capability. This article revisits model development for the problem of regional coverage maximization and proposes a new formulation where coverage of spatial demand is implicitly modeled. Model testing is conducted through an application to warning siren siting in Dublin, Ohio, which has been studied by other researchers. Results demonstrate the effectiveness of the new model when compared with the existing models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Earth-Surface Processes