Regulation of gene expression in cardiomyocytes by thyroid hormone and thyroid hormone analogs 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid and CGS 23425 [N-[3,5-dimethyl-4-(4′-hydroxy-3′-isopropylphenoxy)-phenyl]-oxamic acid]

Cynthia Adamson, Niranjan Maitra, Joseph Bahl, Kevin Greer, Scott E Klewer, James Hoying, Eugene Morkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The heart is an important target of thyroid hormone actions. Only a limited number of cardiac target genes have been identified, and little is known about their regulation by T3 (3,3′,5-triiodothyronine) and thyroid hormone analogs. We used an oligonucleotide microarray to identify novel cardiac genes regulated by T3 and two thyroid hormone analogs, 3,5-diidodothyropropionic acid (DITPA) and CGS 23425 [N-[3,5-dimethyl-4- (4′-hydroxy-3′-isopropylphenoxy)-phenyl]-oxamic acid]. DITPA binds with lower affinity than T3 to thyroid hormone receptor α1 and β1 isoforms, whereas CGS 23425 binds selectively to β1. Fluorescent-labeled cDNA was prepared from cultured heart cells maintained in medium stripped of thyroid hormone ("hypothyroid" control) or treated with T3, DITPA, and CGS 23425 at concentrations 5 times their respective Kd values for 48 h. The arrays were scanned and analyzed using an analysis of variance program. Sixty-four genes were identified that were >1.5 times up- or down-regulated by one of the treatments with P < 0.05. The genes regulated by T3 and DITPA were nearly identical. Thirteen genes were differentially regulated by CGS 23425. Genes encoding contractile proteins, Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum and several proteins of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, were up-regulated by T3 and DITPA but not by CGS 23425. These results indicate that some, but not all, of the actions of thyroid hormone analogs can be explained by differences in gene activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-171
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume311
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004

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Oxamic Acid
Gene Expression Regulation
Thyroid Hormones
Cardiac Myocytes
Triiodothyronine
Acids
Genes
Contractile Proteins
Thyroid Hormone Receptors
Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Mitochondrial Proteins
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Transcriptional Activation
3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid
CGS 23425
Cultured Cells
Analysis of Variance
Protein Isoforms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Regulation of gene expression in cardiomyocytes by thyroid hormone and thyroid hormone analogs 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid and CGS 23425 [N-[3,5-dimethyl-4-(4′-hydroxy-3′-isopropylphenoxy)-phenyl]-oxamic acid]. / Adamson, Cynthia; Maitra, Niranjan; Bahl, Joseph; Greer, Kevin; Klewer, Scott E; Hoying, James; Morkin, Eugene.

In: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Vol. 311, No. 1, 10.2004, p. 164-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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