Regulation of the ribonucleotide reductase small subunit (R2) in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti

Daphne Q D Pham, Peter J. Kos, Jonathan J. Mayo, Joy Winzerling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the formation of deoxyribonucleotides, a rate limiting step in DNA synthesis. Class I RNR is a tetramer that consists of two subunits, R1 and R2; enzymatic activity requires association of R1 with R2. The R2 subunit is of special interest because it dictates the interaction with R1 that is required for enzymatic activity expression, and it is expressed only during the S phase of the cell cycle. We previously sequenced an R2 cDNA clone from the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. We found the message was upregulated by blood feeding. We now report the sequence of an R2 genomic clone. The gene consists of 4 introns and 5 exons. Both major and minor transcriptional start sites have been identified, and their use differs in sugar-fed versus blood-fed females. The gene contains putative cis-regulatory sites for E2F, Caudal (Cdx) and Dearolf (Dfd). The mosquito R2 gene contains iron-specific regulatory elements immediately upstream of the minimal promoter region. Binding of a factor to the distal putative Cdx site in the - 400 region is altered by iron treatment of cells. Further, following blood feeding, R2 message is significantly induced in mosquito ovaries (tissues that are involved in oogenesis-a process requiring DNA synthesis).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-190
Number of pages9
JournalGene
Volume372
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2006

Fingerprint

Yellow Fever
Aedes
Culicidae
Ribonucleotide Reductases
Iron
Clone Cells
Deoxyribonucleotides
Genes
Oogenesis
DNA
S Phase
Genetic Promoter Regions
Introns
Ovary
Exons
Cell Cycle
Complementary DNA
ribonucleotide reductase R2 subunit

Keywords

  • Aedes aegypti
  • Gene regulation
  • Ribonucleotide reductase small subunit (R2)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Regulation of the ribonucleotide reductase small subunit (R2) in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. / Pham, Daphne Q D; Kos, Peter J.; Mayo, Jonathan J.; Winzerling, Joy.

In: Gene, Vol. 372, No. 1-2, 10.05.2006, p. 182-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pham, Daphne Q D ; Kos, Peter J. ; Mayo, Jonathan J. ; Winzerling, Joy. / Regulation of the ribonucleotide reductase small subunit (R2) in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. In: Gene. 2006 ; Vol. 372, No. 1-2. pp. 182-190.
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