Relationship between urban sprawl and physical activity, obesity, and morbidity - Update and refinement

Reid Ewing, Gail Meakins, Shima Hamidi, Arthur Christian Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: This study aims to model multiple health outcomes and behaviors in terms of the updated, refined, and validated county compactness/sprawl measures. Methods: Multiple health outcomes and behaviors are modeled using multi-level analysis. Results: After controlling for observed confounding influences, both original and new compactness measures are negatively related to BMI, obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Indices are not significantly related to physical activity, perhaps because physical activity is not defined broadly to include active travel to work, shopping, and other destinations. Conclusions: Developing urban and suburban areas in a more compact manner may have some salutary effect on obesity and chronic disease trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalHealth and Place
Volume26
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

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physical activity
urban sprawl
obesity
morbidity
Obesity
Morbidity
diabetes
suburban area
multi-level analysis
cardiovascular disease
Health
heart disease
health
chronic illness
Heart Diseases
Chronic Disease
urban area
blood
travel
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Compactness
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Sprawl

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Relationship between urban sprawl and physical activity, obesity, and morbidity - Update and refinement. / Ewing, Reid; Meakins, Gail; Hamidi, Shima; Nelson, Arthur Christian.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 26, 03.2014, p. 118-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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