Relationship of fruit and vegetable intake with adiposity: A systematic review

T. A. Ledoux, Melanie D Hingle, T. Baranowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

245 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake has been proposed to protect against obesity. The purpose of this paper was to assess the FV consumption to adiposity relationship. Twenty-three publications were included. Inclusion criteria: longitudinal or experimental designs; FV intake tested in relation to adiposity; child, adolescent or adult participants; published in English-language peer-reviewed journals. Exclusion criteria: dietary pattern and cross-sectional designs; participants with health concerns. Experimental studies found increased FV consumption (in conjunction with other behaviours) contributed to reduced adiposity among overweight or obese adults, but no association was shown among children. Longitudinal studies among overweight adults found greater F and/or V consumption was associated with slower weight gain, but only half of child longitudinal studies found a significant inverse association. Limitations in methods prevented a thorough examination of the role of increased FV intake alone or mechanisms of effect. An inverse relationship between FV intake and adiposity among overweight adults appears weak; this relationship among children is unclear. Research needs to clarify the nature of, and mechanisms for, the effects of FV consumption on adiposity. Whether increases in FV intake in isolation from lower caloric intake or increased physical activity will result in declines or slower growth in adiposity remains unclear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume12
Issue number501
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

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Adiposity
Vegetables
Fruit
Longitudinal Studies
Energy Intake
Weight Gain
Publications
Research Design
Language
Obesity
Exercise
Health
Growth
Research

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Fruit
  • Obesity
  • Vegetable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Relationship of fruit and vegetable intake with adiposity : A systematic review. / Ledoux, T. A.; Hingle, Melanie D; Baranowski, T.

In: Obesity Reviews, Vol. 12, No. 501, 05.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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