Relationship of total body fat mass to weight-bearing bone volumetric density, geometry, and strength in young girls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the influence of total body fat mass (TBFM) on bone during the peri-pubertal years is critical for the development of future interventions aimed at improving bone strength and reducing fracture risk. Thus, we evaluated the relationship of TBFM to volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), geometry, and strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia of young girls. Data from 396 girls aged 8-13 years from the "Jump-In: Building Better Bones" study were analyzed. Bone parameters were assessed using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the 4% and 20% distal femur and 4% and 66% distal tibia of the non-dominant leg. Bone parameters at the 4% sites included trabecular vBMD, periosteal circumference, and bone strength index (BSI), while at the 20% femur and 66% tibia, parameters included cortical vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength-strain index (SSI). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess associations between bone parameters and TBFM, controlling for muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA). Regression analyses were then repeated with maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity as additional covariates. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare bone parameters among tertiles of TBFM. In regression models with TBFM and MCSA, associations between TBFM and bone parameters at all sites were not significant. TBFM explained very little variance in all bone parameters (0.2-2.3%). In contrast, MCSA was strongly related (p<0.001) to all bone parameters, except cortical vBMD. The addition of maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity did not alter the relationship between TBFM and bone parameters. With bone parameters expressed relative to total body mass, ANCOVA showed that all outcomes were significantly (p<0.001) greater in the lowest compared to the middle and highest tertiles of TBFM. Although TBFM is correlated with femur and tibia vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength in young girls, this relationship is significantly attenuated after adjustment for MCSA. Nevertheless, girls with higher TBFM relative to body mass have markedly diminished vBMD, geometry, and bone strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)977-984
Number of pages8
JournalBone
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

Weight-Bearing
Bone Density
Adipose Tissue
Bone and Bones
Tibia
Femur
Muscles
Regression Analysis
Exercise

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Bone strength
  • Girls
  • Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT)
  • Volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Histology

Cite this

@article{561da78b1cf74c3eb1d2d28347fa7033,
title = "Relationship of total body fat mass to weight-bearing bone volumetric density, geometry, and strength in young girls",
abstract = "Understanding the influence of total body fat mass (TBFM) on bone during the peri-pubertal years is critical for the development of future interventions aimed at improving bone strength and reducing fracture risk. Thus, we evaluated the relationship of TBFM to volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), geometry, and strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia of young girls. Data from 396 girls aged 8-13 years from the {"}Jump-In: Building Better Bones{"} study were analyzed. Bone parameters were assessed using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the 4{\%} and 20{\%} distal femur and 4{\%} and 66{\%} distal tibia of the non-dominant leg. Bone parameters at the 4{\%} sites included trabecular vBMD, periosteal circumference, and bone strength index (BSI), while at the 20{\%} femur and 66{\%} tibia, parameters included cortical vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength-strain index (SSI). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess associations between bone parameters and TBFM, controlling for muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA). Regression analyses were then repeated with maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity as additional covariates. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare bone parameters among tertiles of TBFM. In regression models with TBFM and MCSA, associations between TBFM and bone parameters at all sites were not significant. TBFM explained very little variance in all bone parameters (0.2-2.3{\%}). In contrast, MCSA was strongly related (p<0.001) to all bone parameters, except cortical vBMD. The addition of maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity did not alter the relationship between TBFM and bone parameters. With bone parameters expressed relative to total body mass, ANCOVA showed that all outcomes were significantly (p<0.001) greater in the lowest compared to the middle and highest tertiles of TBFM. Although TBFM is correlated with femur and tibia vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength in young girls, this relationship is significantly attenuated after adjustment for MCSA. Nevertheless, girls with higher TBFM relative to body mass have markedly diminished vBMD, geometry, and bone strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia.",
keywords = "Adiposity, Bone strength, Girls, Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), Volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD)",
author = "Farr, {Joshua N.} and Zhao Chen and Lisse, {Jeffrey R} and Lohman, {Timothy G} and Going, {Scott B}",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.bone.2009.12.033",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "977--984",
journal = "Bone",
issn = "8756-3282",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship of total body fat mass to weight-bearing bone volumetric density, geometry, and strength in young girls

AU - Farr, Joshua N.

AU - Chen, Zhao

AU - Lisse, Jeffrey R

AU - Lohman, Timothy G

AU - Going, Scott B

PY - 2010/4

Y1 - 2010/4

N2 - Understanding the influence of total body fat mass (TBFM) on bone during the peri-pubertal years is critical for the development of future interventions aimed at improving bone strength and reducing fracture risk. Thus, we evaluated the relationship of TBFM to volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), geometry, and strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia of young girls. Data from 396 girls aged 8-13 years from the "Jump-In: Building Better Bones" study were analyzed. Bone parameters were assessed using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the 4% and 20% distal femur and 4% and 66% distal tibia of the non-dominant leg. Bone parameters at the 4% sites included trabecular vBMD, periosteal circumference, and bone strength index (BSI), while at the 20% femur and 66% tibia, parameters included cortical vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength-strain index (SSI). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess associations between bone parameters and TBFM, controlling for muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA). Regression analyses were then repeated with maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity as additional covariates. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare bone parameters among tertiles of TBFM. In regression models with TBFM and MCSA, associations between TBFM and bone parameters at all sites were not significant. TBFM explained very little variance in all bone parameters (0.2-2.3%). In contrast, MCSA was strongly related (p<0.001) to all bone parameters, except cortical vBMD. The addition of maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity did not alter the relationship between TBFM and bone parameters. With bone parameters expressed relative to total body mass, ANCOVA showed that all outcomes were significantly (p<0.001) greater in the lowest compared to the middle and highest tertiles of TBFM. Although TBFM is correlated with femur and tibia vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength in young girls, this relationship is significantly attenuated after adjustment for MCSA. Nevertheless, girls with higher TBFM relative to body mass have markedly diminished vBMD, geometry, and bone strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia.

AB - Understanding the influence of total body fat mass (TBFM) on bone during the peri-pubertal years is critical for the development of future interventions aimed at improving bone strength and reducing fracture risk. Thus, we evaluated the relationship of TBFM to volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), geometry, and strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia of young girls. Data from 396 girls aged 8-13 years from the "Jump-In: Building Better Bones" study were analyzed. Bone parameters were assessed using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the 4% and 20% distal femur and 4% and 66% distal tibia of the non-dominant leg. Bone parameters at the 4% sites included trabecular vBMD, periosteal circumference, and bone strength index (BSI), while at the 20% femur and 66% tibia, parameters included cortical vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength-strain index (SSI). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess associations between bone parameters and TBFM, controlling for muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA). Regression analyses were then repeated with maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity as additional covariates. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare bone parameters among tertiles of TBFM. In regression models with TBFM and MCSA, associations between TBFM and bone parameters at all sites were not significant. TBFM explained very little variance in all bone parameters (0.2-2.3%). In contrast, MCSA was strongly related (p<0.001) to all bone parameters, except cortical vBMD. The addition of maturity, bone length, physical activity, and ethnicity did not alter the relationship between TBFM and bone parameters. With bone parameters expressed relative to total body mass, ANCOVA showed that all outcomes were significantly (p<0.001) greater in the lowest compared to the middle and highest tertiles of TBFM. Although TBFM is correlated with femur and tibia vBMD, periosteal circumference, and strength in young girls, this relationship is significantly attenuated after adjustment for MCSA. Nevertheless, girls with higher TBFM relative to body mass have markedly diminished vBMD, geometry, and bone strength at metaphyseal and diaphyseal sites of the femur and tibia.

KW - Adiposity

KW - Bone strength

KW - Girls

KW - Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT)

KW - Volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950546993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77950546993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bone.2009.12.033

DO - 10.1016/j.bone.2009.12.033

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 977

EP - 984

JO - Bone

JF - Bone

SN - 8756-3282

IS - 4

ER -