Relationship status and mental and physical health among Polish and American young adults: The role of relationship satisfaction and satisfaction with relationship status

Katarzyna Adamczyk, Ashley B. Barr, Chris Segrin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is growing recognition that relationship factors besides relationship status play an important role in young adults’ mental and physical health. This study explored the concurrent (between-individual) and longitudinal (within-individual) associations between relationship status, relationship satisfaction, satisfaction with relationship status, and varied dimensions of health in samples of Polish and U.S. young adults. Data from young adults (aged 18–34 at Wave 1) were collected in a three-wave investigation in Poland and in the USA with one-year intervals between each of the measurements. The cross-sectional analyses demonstrated that individuals in relationships reported better health, particularly if they were in a higher-quality relationship. The fixed-effects models showed that relationship quality was a much more consistent and powerful predictor of health than was relationship status; however, for depression, satisfaction with relationship status was an independent contributor to health. Cross-cultural analyses revealed a stronger link between partner status and depression and emotional well-being, and relationship satisfaction and psychological well-being among Polish young adults than their American counterparts. The results demonstrated that characteristics of relationships and satisfaction with relationship status matter more for changes in health than relationship status alone and that these links may differ by cultural context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-652
Number of pages33
JournalApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • mental health
  • physical health
  • relationship status
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship status and mental and physical health among Polish and American young adults: The role of relationship satisfaction and satisfaction with relationship status'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this