Reliability of preoperative assessment of cerebrospinal fluid pressure in the management of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks and encephaloceles

Vijay R. Ramakrishnan, Jeffrey D. Suh, Alexander G. Chiu, James N. Palmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The association of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks with increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is well-documented. Accurate assessment of CSF pressure is paramount to optimal long-term outcomes, as failure of surgical repair or recurrent leaks may be associated with untreated intracranial hypertension. Many surgeons utilize a single opening pressure measured at the onset of the surgical procedure to determine if long-term acetazolamide or shunt placement will be necessary. However, preoperative measurement of CSF pressure may be inaccurate secondary to active drainage. The purpose of this study is to determine the accuracy of preoperative CSF pressure measurement in the setting of active CSF rhinorrhea. Methods: Retrospective review of 65 cases of endoscopic repair of active spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea performed at a tertiary care institution from 2002 to 2009. A total of 16 cases in which reliable preoperative opening pressure and 48-hour to 72-hour postoperative CSF pressures were recorded were included in the analysis. Cases in which measurements were potentially unreliable or in which acetazolamide therapy was used were excluded from analysis. Results: The average preoperative measurement was 26 ± 11 cm H20, and the average postoperative measurement was 15 ± 6 cm H20. The average change in CSF pressure from preoperative to postoperative was -10 ± 11 cm H20. Student paired t test was used to confirm statistical difference between the 2 sets of measurements. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a single preoperative measurement of CSF pressure in patients with active CSF rhinorrhea may not be sufficiently reliable to make subsequent long-term clinical decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CSF leak
  • CSF pressure
  • CSF rhinorrhea
  • Encephalocele
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Spontaneous CSF leak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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