RELICS: Strong Lensing Analysis of MACS J0417.5-1154 and Predictions for Observing the Magnified High-redshift Universe with JWST

Guillaume Mahler, Keren Sharon, Carter Fox, Dan Coe, Mathilde Jauzac, Victoria Strait, Alastair Edge, Ana Acebron, Felipe Andrade-Santos, Roberto J. Avila, Maruša Bradač, Larry D. Bradley, Daniela Carrasco, Catherine Cerny, Nathália Cibirka, Nicole G. Czakon, William A. Dawson, Brenda Louise Frye, Austin T. Hoag, Kuang Han HuangTraci L. Johnson, Christine Jones, Shotaro Kikuchihara, Daniel Lam, Rachael Livermore, Lorenzo Lovisari, Ramesh Mainali, Sara Ogaz, Masami Ouchi, Rachel Paterno-Mahler, Ian U. Roederer, Russell E. Ryan, Brett Salmon, Irene Sendra-Server, Daniel P Stark, Sune Toft, Michele Trenti, Keiichi Umetsu, Benedetta Vulcani, Adi Zitrin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Strong gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies probes the mass distribution at the core of each cluster and magnifies the universe behind it. MACS J0417.5-1154 at z = 0.443 is one of the most massive clusters known based on weak lensing, X-ray, and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich analyses. Here we compute a strong lens model of MACS J0417 based on Hubble Space Telescope imaging observations collected, in part, by the Reionization Lensing Cluster Survey (RELICS), and recently reported spectroscopic redshifts from the MUSE instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We measure an Einstein radius of at z = 9 and a mass projected within 200 kpc of M . Using this model, we measure a ratio between the mass attributed to cluster-member galaxy halos and the main cluster halo of order 1:100. We assess the probability to detect magnified high-redshift galaxies in the field of this cluster, both for comparison with RELICS HST results and as a prediction for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Guaranteed Time Observations upcoming for this cluster. Our lensing analysis indicates that this cluster has similar lensing strength to other clusters in the RELICS program. Our lensing analysis predicts a detection of at least a few z ∼ 6-8 galaxies behind this cluster, at odds with a recent analysis that yielded no such candidates in this field. Reliable strong lensing models are crucial for accurately predicting the intrinsic properties of lensed galaxies. As part of the RELICS program, our strong lensing model produced with the Lenstool parametric method is publicly available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number96
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume873
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

James Webb Space Telescope
universe
prediction
predictions
galaxies
probe
analysis
halos
telescopes
programme
mass distribution
Hubble Space Telescope

Keywords

  • galaxies: clusters: individual (MACSJ0417.5-1154)
  • gravitational lensing: strong

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

RELICS : Strong Lensing Analysis of MACS J0417.5-1154 and Predictions for Observing the Magnified High-redshift Universe with JWST. / Mahler, Guillaume; Sharon, Keren; Fox, Carter; Coe, Dan; Jauzac, Mathilde; Strait, Victoria; Edge, Alastair; Acebron, Ana; Andrade-Santos, Felipe; Avila, Roberto J.; Bradač, Maruša; Bradley, Larry D.; Carrasco, Daniela; Cerny, Catherine; Cibirka, Nathália; Czakon, Nicole G.; Dawson, William A.; Frye, Brenda Louise; Hoag, Austin T.; Huang, Kuang Han; Johnson, Traci L.; Jones, Christine; Kikuchihara, Shotaro; Lam, Daniel; Livermore, Rachael; Lovisari, Lorenzo; Mainali, Ramesh; Ogaz, Sara; Ouchi, Masami; Paterno-Mahler, Rachel; Roederer, Ian U.; Ryan, Russell E.; Salmon, Brett; Sendra-Server, Irene; Stark, Daniel P; Toft, Sune; Trenti, Michele; Umetsu, Keiichi; Vulcani, Benedetta; Zitrin, Adi.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 873, No. 1, 96, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mahler, G, Sharon, K, Fox, C, Coe, D, Jauzac, M, Strait, V, Edge, A, Acebron, A, Andrade-Santos, F, Avila, RJ, Bradač, M, Bradley, LD, Carrasco, D, Cerny, C, Cibirka, N, Czakon, NG, Dawson, WA, Frye, BL, Hoag, AT, Huang, KH, Johnson, TL, Jones, C, Kikuchihara, S, Lam, D, Livermore, R, Lovisari, L, Mainali, R, Ogaz, S, Ouchi, M, Paterno-Mahler, R, Roederer, IU, Ryan, RE, Salmon, B, Sendra-Server, I, Stark, DP, Toft, S, Trenti, M, Umetsu, K, Vulcani, B & Zitrin, A 2019, 'RELICS: Strong Lensing Analysis of MACS J0417.5-1154 and Predictions for Observing the Magnified High-redshift Universe with JWST', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 873, no. 1, 96. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab042b
Mahler, Guillaume ; Sharon, Keren ; Fox, Carter ; Coe, Dan ; Jauzac, Mathilde ; Strait, Victoria ; Edge, Alastair ; Acebron, Ana ; Andrade-Santos, Felipe ; Avila, Roberto J. ; Bradač, Maruša ; Bradley, Larry D. ; Carrasco, Daniela ; Cerny, Catherine ; Cibirka, Nathália ; Czakon, Nicole G. ; Dawson, William A. ; Frye, Brenda Louise ; Hoag, Austin T. ; Huang, Kuang Han ; Johnson, Traci L. ; Jones, Christine ; Kikuchihara, Shotaro ; Lam, Daniel ; Livermore, Rachael ; Lovisari, Lorenzo ; Mainali, Ramesh ; Ogaz, Sara ; Ouchi, Masami ; Paterno-Mahler, Rachel ; Roederer, Ian U. ; Ryan, Russell E. ; Salmon, Brett ; Sendra-Server, Irene ; Stark, Daniel P ; Toft, Sune ; Trenti, Michele ; Umetsu, Keiichi ; Vulcani, Benedetta ; Zitrin, Adi. / RELICS : Strong Lensing Analysis of MACS J0417.5-1154 and Predictions for Observing the Magnified High-redshift Universe with JWST. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 873, No. 1.
@article{9955523e162f4fb08b7aaca15e3345b7,
title = "RELICS: Strong Lensing Analysis of MACS J0417.5-1154 and Predictions for Observing the Magnified High-redshift Universe with JWST",
abstract = "Strong gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies probes the mass distribution at the core of each cluster and magnifies the universe behind it. MACS J0417.5-1154 at z = 0.443 is one of the most massive clusters known based on weak lensing, X-ray, and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich analyses. Here we compute a strong lens model of MACS J0417 based on Hubble Space Telescope imaging observations collected, in part, by the Reionization Lensing Cluster Survey (RELICS), and recently reported spectroscopic redshifts from the MUSE instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We measure an Einstein radius of at z = 9 and a mass projected within 200 kpc of M . Using this model, we measure a ratio between the mass attributed to cluster-member galaxy halos and the main cluster halo of order 1:100. We assess the probability to detect magnified high-redshift galaxies in the field of this cluster, both for comparison with RELICS HST results and as a prediction for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Guaranteed Time Observations upcoming for this cluster. Our lensing analysis indicates that this cluster has similar lensing strength to other clusters in the RELICS program. Our lensing analysis predicts a detection of at least a few z ∼ 6-8 galaxies behind this cluster, at odds with a recent analysis that yielded no such candidates in this field. Reliable strong lensing models are crucial for accurately predicting the intrinsic properties of lensed galaxies. As part of the RELICS program, our strong lensing model produced with the Lenstool parametric method is publicly available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes.",
keywords = "galaxies: clusters: individual (MACSJ0417.5-1154), gravitational lensing: strong",
author = "Guillaume Mahler and Keren Sharon and Carter Fox and Dan Coe and Mathilde Jauzac and Victoria Strait and Alastair Edge and Ana Acebron and Felipe Andrade-Santos and Avila, {Roberto J.} and Maruša Bradač and Bradley, {Larry D.} and Daniela Carrasco and Catherine Cerny and Nath{\'a}lia Cibirka and Czakon, {Nicole G.} and Dawson, {William A.} and Frye, {Brenda Louise} and Hoag, {Austin T.} and Huang, {Kuang Han} and Johnson, {Traci L.} and Christine Jones and Shotaro Kikuchihara and Daniel Lam and Rachael Livermore and Lorenzo Lovisari and Ramesh Mainali and Sara Ogaz and Masami Ouchi and Rachel Paterno-Mahler and Roederer, {Ian U.} and Ryan, {Russell E.} and Brett Salmon and Irene Sendra-Server and Stark, {Daniel P} and Sune Toft and Michele Trenti and Keiichi Umetsu and Benedetta Vulcani and Adi Zitrin",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/ab042b",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "873",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - RELICS

T2 - Strong Lensing Analysis of MACS J0417.5-1154 and Predictions for Observing the Magnified High-redshift Universe with JWST

AU - Mahler, Guillaume

AU - Sharon, Keren

AU - Fox, Carter

AU - Coe, Dan

AU - Jauzac, Mathilde

AU - Strait, Victoria

AU - Edge, Alastair

AU - Acebron, Ana

AU - Andrade-Santos, Felipe

AU - Avila, Roberto J.

AU - Bradač, Maruša

AU - Bradley, Larry D.

AU - Carrasco, Daniela

AU - Cerny, Catherine

AU - Cibirka, Nathália

AU - Czakon, Nicole G.

AU - Dawson, William A.

AU - Frye, Brenda Louise

AU - Hoag, Austin T.

AU - Huang, Kuang Han

AU - Johnson, Traci L.

AU - Jones, Christine

AU - Kikuchihara, Shotaro

AU - Lam, Daniel

AU - Livermore, Rachael

AU - Lovisari, Lorenzo

AU - Mainali, Ramesh

AU - Ogaz, Sara

AU - Ouchi, Masami

AU - Paterno-Mahler, Rachel

AU - Roederer, Ian U.

AU - Ryan, Russell E.

AU - Salmon, Brett

AU - Sendra-Server, Irene

AU - Stark, Daniel P

AU - Toft, Sune

AU - Trenti, Michele

AU - Umetsu, Keiichi

AU - Vulcani, Benedetta

AU - Zitrin, Adi

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Strong gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies probes the mass distribution at the core of each cluster and magnifies the universe behind it. MACS J0417.5-1154 at z = 0.443 is one of the most massive clusters known based on weak lensing, X-ray, and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich analyses. Here we compute a strong lens model of MACS J0417 based on Hubble Space Telescope imaging observations collected, in part, by the Reionization Lensing Cluster Survey (RELICS), and recently reported spectroscopic redshifts from the MUSE instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We measure an Einstein radius of at z = 9 and a mass projected within 200 kpc of M . Using this model, we measure a ratio between the mass attributed to cluster-member galaxy halos and the main cluster halo of order 1:100. We assess the probability to detect magnified high-redshift galaxies in the field of this cluster, both for comparison with RELICS HST results and as a prediction for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Guaranteed Time Observations upcoming for this cluster. Our lensing analysis indicates that this cluster has similar lensing strength to other clusters in the RELICS program. Our lensing analysis predicts a detection of at least a few z ∼ 6-8 galaxies behind this cluster, at odds with a recent analysis that yielded no such candidates in this field. Reliable strong lensing models are crucial for accurately predicting the intrinsic properties of lensed galaxies. As part of the RELICS program, our strong lensing model produced with the Lenstool parametric method is publicly available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes.

AB - Strong gravitational lensing by clusters of galaxies probes the mass distribution at the core of each cluster and magnifies the universe behind it. MACS J0417.5-1154 at z = 0.443 is one of the most massive clusters known based on weak lensing, X-ray, and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich analyses. Here we compute a strong lens model of MACS J0417 based on Hubble Space Telescope imaging observations collected, in part, by the Reionization Lensing Cluster Survey (RELICS), and recently reported spectroscopic redshifts from the MUSE instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We measure an Einstein radius of at z = 9 and a mass projected within 200 kpc of M . Using this model, we measure a ratio between the mass attributed to cluster-member galaxy halos and the main cluster halo of order 1:100. We assess the probability to detect magnified high-redshift galaxies in the field of this cluster, both for comparison with RELICS HST results and as a prediction for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Guaranteed Time Observations upcoming for this cluster. Our lensing analysis indicates that this cluster has similar lensing strength to other clusters in the RELICS program. Our lensing analysis predicts a detection of at least a few z ∼ 6-8 galaxies behind this cluster, at odds with a recent analysis that yielded no such candidates in this field. Reliable strong lensing models are crucial for accurately predicting the intrinsic properties of lensed galaxies. As part of the RELICS program, our strong lensing model produced with the Lenstool parametric method is publicly available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes.

KW - galaxies: clusters: individual (MACSJ0417.5-1154)

KW - gravitational lensing: strong

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063481259&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85063481259&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab042b

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab042b

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85063481259

VL - 873

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 96

ER -