Religious Attendance and the Mobility Trajectories of Older Mexican Americans: An Application of the Growth Mixture Model

Terrence Hill, Amy M. Burdette, John Taylor, Jacqueline L. Angel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Although several studies have examined the association between religious involvement and physical functioning, there is no consistent empirical evidence concerning the true nature of the association. The Hispanic population is also surprisingly understudied in previous work. In this article, we employ seven waves of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to examine the association between religious attendance and performance-based mobility trajectories among older Mexican Americans. Growth mixture estimates reveal three latent classes of mobility trajectories: (1) high, (2) moderate, and (3) low. Multinomial logistic regression estimates show that the odds of being classified as having low mobility (versus high and moderate mobility) are lower for respondents who attend religious services than for respondents who never attend. Religious attendance does not distinguish between moderate and high mobility. Our regression results confirm that religious attendance is associated with favorable mobility trajectories among older Mexican Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-134
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Health and Social Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016



  • disability
  • elderly
  • Mexican American
  • physical functioning
  • physical health
  • religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology

Cite this