Remembering things without context: Development matters

Jamie O Edgin, Goffredina Spanò, Kevin Kawa, Lynn Nadel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spatial context supports memory retrieval in adults. To understand the development of these effects, context effects on object recognition were tested in neurotypical children ages 3 years to adulthood (n 3-6 years = 34, n 10-16 years = 32, n college age = 22) and individuals with Down syndrome (DS) ages 10-29 years (n = 21). Participants engaged in an object recognition task; objects were presented in scenes and either remained in that same scene or were removed at test. In some groups (< 4.5 years and with DS) context effects were present even though object recognition was poor. After 4.5 years, children demonstrated memory flexibility, while later in adolescence context effects reemerged, showing nonlinearity in the development of these effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1491-1502
Number of pages12
JournalChild Development
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Down Syndrome
adulthood
adolescence
flexibility
Recognition (Psychology)
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Remembering things without context : Development matters. / Edgin, Jamie O; Spanò, Goffredina; Kawa, Kevin; Nadel, Lynn.

In: Child Development, Vol. 85, No. 4, 2014, p. 1491-1502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edgin, Jamie O ; Spanò, Goffredina ; Kawa, Kevin ; Nadel, Lynn. / Remembering things without context : Development matters. In: Child Development. 2014 ; Vol. 85, No. 4. pp. 1491-1502.
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