Renal Tubular Enzyme Effects of Clarithromycin in Comparison with Gentamicin and Placebo in Volunteers

Martha C. Chapelsky, David E. Nix, John C. Cavanaugh, John H. Wilton, Allyn Norman, Jerome J. Schentag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study assessed the potential nephrotoxicity of clarithromycin in comparison with gentamicin and placebo. Increased urinary excretion of alanine aminopeptidase (AAP) and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) served as markers of renal tubular injury. The study utilised a multiple-dose, double-blind, randomised, parallel group design. 14 healthy male subjects received 1 of 3 treatment regimens: (a) clarithromycin 500mg orally every 12h for 13 doses and intravenous placebo every 8h (n = 5); (b) oral placebo every 12h and intravenous placebo every 8h (n = 4); and (c) intravenous gentamicin 1.7 mg/kg every 8h for 19 doses and oral placebo every 12h (n = 5). 24h urine collections were obtained daily for determinations of AAP and NAG activities. Gentamicin produced statistically significant increases (p < 0.0001) in AAP and NAG excretion, with increases as early as the first and second day of dosing. Clarithromycin, when compared with placebo, did not produce significant elevations in AAP or NAG activity. On the basis of these data, it is unlikely that usual doses of clarithromycin have significant potential for causing nephrotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-309
Number of pages6
JournalDrug Safety
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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