Renal tubular reabsorption of taurine, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and β-alanine studied by continuous microperfusion

William H Dantzler, S. Silbernagl

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Renal tubular reabsorption of taurine, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and β-alanine was studied in vivo et situ by continuous microperfusion of single proximal tubules of the rat. In each case, reabsorption was much slower than that for other amino acids that have been studied. With a concentration of 0.1 mmol/l in initial perfusate, about 60% of initial load was reabsorbed over perfusion distance of 3 mm. Taurine reabsorption saturated with only 2.17 mmol/l in initial perfusate. Assuming simple two-parameter kinetics, upper limits for Km of 0.54 mmol/l and for Vmax of 0.59 pmol·cm-1·s-1 for tubular reabsorption of taurine were estimated. High (20 mmol/l) concentrations of taurine or β-alanine in perfusate completely inhibited GABA reabsorption, but l-phenylalanine (20 mmol/l) had no significant effect. The results indicate that the three amino acids are reabsorbed slowly from the proximal tubule by what may be a common transport system. This system appears to have a high affinity but low capacity and to be different from other known renal tubular transport systems for amino acids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-128
Number of pages6
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Volume367
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1976
Externally publishedYes

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Aminobutyrates
Taurine
Alanine
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Amino Acid Transport Systems
Amino Acids
Phenylalanine
Kinetic parameters
Rats
Perfusion
Kidney
Renal Reabsorption

Keywords

  • β-Alanine
  • γ-Aminobutyric acid
  • Amino acid transport
  • Renal tubule
  • Taurine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "Renal tubular reabsorption of taurine, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and β-alanine was studied in vivo et situ by continuous microperfusion of single proximal tubules of the rat. In each case, reabsorption was much slower than that for other amino acids that have been studied. With a concentration of 0.1 mmol/l in initial perfusate, about 60{\%} of initial load was reabsorbed over perfusion distance of 3 mm. Taurine reabsorption saturated with only 2.17 mmol/l in initial perfusate. Assuming simple two-parameter kinetics, upper limits for Km of 0.54 mmol/l and for Vmax of 0.59 pmol·cm-1·s-1 for tubular reabsorption of taurine were estimated. High (20 mmol/l) concentrations of taurine or β-alanine in perfusate completely inhibited GABA reabsorption, but l-phenylalanine (20 mmol/l) had no significant effect. The results indicate that the three amino acids are reabsorbed slowly from the proximal tubule by what may be a common transport system. This system appears to have a high affinity but low capacity and to be different from other known renal tubular transport systems for amino acids.",
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