Replicate patterns of species richness, historical biogeography, and phylogeny in holarctic treefrogs

Sarah A. Smith, Patrick R. Stephens, John J Wiens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent decades, the field of historical biogeography has become increasingly divorced from evolutionary biology, ecology, and studies of species richness. In this paper, we explore the evolutionary causes of patterns of biogeography and species richness in Northern Hemisphere treefrogs, combining phylogenetics, ancestral area reconstruction, molecular dating methods, and ecological niche modeling. We reconstructed phylogenetic relationships among 58 hylid taxa using data from two mitochondrial genes (12S, ND1) and two nuclear genes (POMC, c-myc). We find that parallel patterns of species richness have developed in Europe, Asia, and in two separate clades of North American hylids, with the highest richness at midtemperate latitudes (30-35°) on each continent. This pattern is surprising given that hylids overall show higher species richness in the New World tropics and given many standard ecological explanations for the latitudinal diversity gradient (e.g., energy, productivity, mid-domain effect). The replicate pattern in Holarctic hylids seems to reflect specialized tolerance for temperate climate regimes or possibly the effects of competition. The results also suggest that long-range dispersal between continental regions with similar climatic regimes may be easier than dispersal between geographically adjacent regions with different climatic regimes. Our results show the importance of ecology and evolution to large-scale biogeography and the importance of large-scale biogeography to understanding patterns of species richness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2433-2450
Number of pages18
JournalEvolution
Volume59
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hylidae
Phylogeny
Ecology
biogeography
phylogeny
species richness
species diversity
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
myc Genes
Mitochondrial Genes
Divorce
Climate
ecology
phylogenetics
dating method
gene
evolutionary biology
temperate zones
tropics
Northern Hemisphere

Keywords

  • Amphibians
  • Biogeography
  • Community assembly
  • Diversification
  • Hylidae
  • Phylogeny
  • Species richness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Ecology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Replicate patterns of species richness, historical biogeography, and phylogeny in holarctic treefrogs. / Smith, Sarah A.; Stephens, Patrick R.; Wiens, John J.

In: Evolution, Vol. 59, No. 11, 11.2005, p. 2433-2450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Sarah A. ; Stephens, Patrick R. ; Wiens, John J. / Replicate patterns of species richness, historical biogeography, and phylogeny in holarctic treefrogs. In: Evolution. 2005 ; Vol. 59, No. 11. pp. 2433-2450.
@article{b21e7c9451924737bb651564d4f2871e,
title = "Replicate patterns of species richness, historical biogeography, and phylogeny in holarctic treefrogs",
abstract = "In recent decades, the field of historical biogeography has become increasingly divorced from evolutionary biology, ecology, and studies of species richness. In this paper, we explore the evolutionary causes of patterns of biogeography and species richness in Northern Hemisphere treefrogs, combining phylogenetics, ancestral area reconstruction, molecular dating methods, and ecological niche modeling. We reconstructed phylogenetic relationships among 58 hylid taxa using data from two mitochondrial genes (12S, ND1) and two nuclear genes (POMC, c-myc). We find that parallel patterns of species richness have developed in Europe, Asia, and in two separate clades of North American hylids, with the highest richness at midtemperate latitudes (30-35°) on each continent. This pattern is surprising given that hylids overall show higher species richness in the New World tropics and given many standard ecological explanations for the latitudinal diversity gradient (e.g., energy, productivity, mid-domain effect). The replicate pattern in Holarctic hylids seems to reflect specialized tolerance for temperate climate regimes or possibly the effects of competition. The results also suggest that long-range dispersal between continental regions with similar climatic regimes may be easier than dispersal between geographically adjacent regions with different climatic regimes. Our results show the importance of ecology and evolution to large-scale biogeography and the importance of large-scale biogeography to understanding patterns of species richness.",
keywords = "Amphibians, Biogeography, Community assembly, Diversification, Hylidae, Phylogeny, Species richness",
author = "Smith, {Sarah A.} and Stephens, {Patrick R.} and Wiens, {John J}",
year = "2005",
month = "11",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "2433--2450",
journal = "Evolution; international journal of organic evolution",
issn = "0014-3820",
publisher = "Society for the Study of Evolution",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Replicate patterns of species richness, historical biogeography, and phylogeny in holarctic treefrogs

AU - Smith, Sarah A.

AU - Stephens, Patrick R.

AU - Wiens, John J

PY - 2005/11

Y1 - 2005/11

N2 - In recent decades, the field of historical biogeography has become increasingly divorced from evolutionary biology, ecology, and studies of species richness. In this paper, we explore the evolutionary causes of patterns of biogeography and species richness in Northern Hemisphere treefrogs, combining phylogenetics, ancestral area reconstruction, molecular dating methods, and ecological niche modeling. We reconstructed phylogenetic relationships among 58 hylid taxa using data from two mitochondrial genes (12S, ND1) and two nuclear genes (POMC, c-myc). We find that parallel patterns of species richness have developed in Europe, Asia, and in two separate clades of North American hylids, with the highest richness at midtemperate latitudes (30-35°) on each continent. This pattern is surprising given that hylids overall show higher species richness in the New World tropics and given many standard ecological explanations for the latitudinal diversity gradient (e.g., energy, productivity, mid-domain effect). The replicate pattern in Holarctic hylids seems to reflect specialized tolerance for temperate climate regimes or possibly the effects of competition. The results also suggest that long-range dispersal between continental regions with similar climatic regimes may be easier than dispersal between geographically adjacent regions with different climatic regimes. Our results show the importance of ecology and evolution to large-scale biogeography and the importance of large-scale biogeography to understanding patterns of species richness.

AB - In recent decades, the field of historical biogeography has become increasingly divorced from evolutionary biology, ecology, and studies of species richness. In this paper, we explore the evolutionary causes of patterns of biogeography and species richness in Northern Hemisphere treefrogs, combining phylogenetics, ancestral area reconstruction, molecular dating methods, and ecological niche modeling. We reconstructed phylogenetic relationships among 58 hylid taxa using data from two mitochondrial genes (12S, ND1) and two nuclear genes (POMC, c-myc). We find that parallel patterns of species richness have developed in Europe, Asia, and in two separate clades of North American hylids, with the highest richness at midtemperate latitudes (30-35°) on each continent. This pattern is surprising given that hylids overall show higher species richness in the New World tropics and given many standard ecological explanations for the latitudinal diversity gradient (e.g., energy, productivity, mid-domain effect). The replicate pattern in Holarctic hylids seems to reflect specialized tolerance for temperate climate regimes or possibly the effects of competition. The results also suggest that long-range dispersal between continental regions with similar climatic regimes may be easier than dispersal between geographically adjacent regions with different climatic regimes. Our results show the importance of ecology and evolution to large-scale biogeography and the importance of large-scale biogeography to understanding patterns of species richness.

KW - Amphibians

KW - Biogeography

KW - Community assembly

KW - Diversification

KW - Hylidae

KW - Phylogeny

KW - Species richness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=28644437950&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=28644437950&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 16396184

AN - SCOPUS:28644437950

VL - 59

SP - 2433

EP - 2450

JO - Evolution; international journal of organic evolution

JF - Evolution; international journal of organic evolution

SN - 0014-3820

IS - 11

ER -