Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium

G. Kminek, J. D. Rummel, C. S. Cockell, R. Atlas, N. Barlow, D. Beaty, William V. Boynton, M. Carr, S. Clifford, C. A. Conley, A. F. Davila, A. Debus, P. Doran, M. Hecht, J. Heldmann, J. Helbert, V. Hipkin, G. Horneck, T. L. Kieft, G. Klingelhoefer & 15 others M. Meyer, H. Newsom, G. G. Ori, J. Parnell, D. Prieur, F. Raulin, D. Schulze-Makuch, J. A. Spry, P. E. Stabekis, E. Stackebrandt, J. Vago, M. Viso, M. Voytek, L. Wells, F. Westall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we present the findings of a COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007. We review and discuss the definition of Mars Special Regions, the physical parameters used to define Mars Special Regions, and physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as Mars Special Regions. We conclude that any region experiencing temperatures > -25 °C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. Physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as meeting these conditions constitute a Mars Special Region. Based on current knowledge of the martian environment and the conservative nature of planetary protection, the following features constitute Mars Special regions: Gullies and bright streaks associated with them, pasted-on terrain, deep subsurface, dark streaks only on a case-by-case basis, others to be determined. The parameter definition and the associated list of physical features should be re-evaluated on a regular basis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-829
Number of pages19
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2010

Fingerprint

Committee on Space Research
Microorganisms
mars
Mars
Water
Temperature
planetary protection
microorganisms
gully
lists
microorganism

Keywords

  • Forward contamination
  • Low temperature
  • Mars
  • Planetary protection
  • Special regions
  • Water activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kminek, G., Rummel, J. D., Cockell, C. S., Atlas, R., Barlow, N., Beaty, D., ... Westall, F. (2010). Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium. Advances in Space Research, 46(6), 811-829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039

Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium. / Kminek, G.; Rummel, J. D.; Cockell, C. S.; Atlas, R.; Barlow, N.; Beaty, D.; Boynton, William V.; Carr, M.; Clifford, S.; Conley, C. A.; Davila, A. F.; Debus, A.; Doran, P.; Hecht, M.; Heldmann, J.; Helbert, J.; Hipkin, V.; Horneck, G.; Kieft, T. L.; Klingelhoefer, G.; Meyer, M.; Newsom, H.; Ori, G. G.; Parnell, J.; Prieur, D.; Raulin, F.; Schulze-Makuch, D.; Spry, J. A.; Stabekis, P. E.; Stackebrandt, E.; Vago, J.; Viso, M.; Voytek, M.; Wells, L.; Westall, F.

In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 46, No. 6, 15.09.2010, p. 811-829.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kminek, G, Rummel, JD, Cockell, CS, Atlas, R, Barlow, N, Beaty, D, Boynton, WV, Carr, M, Clifford, S, Conley, CA, Davila, AF, Debus, A, Doran, P, Hecht, M, Heldmann, J, Helbert, J, Hipkin, V, Horneck, G, Kieft, TL, Klingelhoefer, G, Meyer, M, Newsom, H, Ori, GG, Parnell, J, Prieur, D, Raulin, F, Schulze-Makuch, D, Spry, JA, Stabekis, PE, Stackebrandt, E, Vago, J, Viso, M, Voytek, M, Wells, L & Westall, F 2010, 'Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium', Advances in Space Research, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 811-829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039
Kminek G, Rummel JD, Cockell CS, Atlas R, Barlow N, Beaty D et al. Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium. Advances in Space Research. 2010 Sep 15;46(6):811-829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039
Kminek, G. ; Rummel, J. D. ; Cockell, C. S. ; Atlas, R. ; Barlow, N. ; Beaty, D. ; Boynton, William V. ; Carr, M. ; Clifford, S. ; Conley, C. A. ; Davila, A. F. ; Debus, A. ; Doran, P. ; Hecht, M. ; Heldmann, J. ; Helbert, J. ; Hipkin, V. ; Horneck, G. ; Kieft, T. L. ; Klingelhoefer, G. ; Meyer, M. ; Newsom, H. ; Ori, G. G. ; Parnell, J. ; Prieur, D. ; Raulin, F. ; Schulze-Makuch, D. ; Spry, J. A. ; Stabekis, P. E. ; Stackebrandt, E. ; Vago, J. ; Viso, M. ; Voytek, M. ; Wells, L. ; Westall, F. / Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium. In: Advances in Space Research. 2010 ; Vol. 46, No. 6. pp. 811-829.
@article{e867ccb525864b68be289d635cedb3f3,
title = "Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium",
abstract = "In this paper we present the findings of a COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007. We review and discuss the definition of Mars Special Regions, the physical parameters used to define Mars Special Regions, and physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as Mars Special Regions. We conclude that any region experiencing temperatures > -25 °C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. Physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as meeting these conditions constitute a Mars Special Region. Based on current knowledge of the martian environment and the conservative nature of planetary protection, the following features constitute Mars Special regions: Gullies and bright streaks associated with them, pasted-on terrain, deep subsurface, dark streaks only on a case-by-case basis, others to be determined. The parameter definition and the associated list of physical features should be re-evaluated on a regular basis.",
keywords = "Forward contamination, Low temperature, Mars, Planetary protection, Special regions, Water activity",
author = "G. Kminek and Rummel, {J. D.} and Cockell, {C. S.} and R. Atlas and N. Barlow and D. Beaty and Boynton, {William V.} and M. Carr and S. Clifford and Conley, {C. A.} and Davila, {A. F.} and A. Debus and P. Doran and M. Hecht and J. Heldmann and J. Helbert and V. Hipkin and G. Horneck and Kieft, {T. L.} and G. Klingelhoefer and M. Meyer and H. Newsom and Ori, {G. G.} and J. Parnell and D. Prieur and F. Raulin and D. Schulze-Makuch and Spry, {J. A.} and Stabekis, {P. E.} and E. Stackebrandt and J. Vago and M. Viso and M. Voytek and L. Wells and F. Westall",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "811--829",
journal = "Advances in Space Research",
issn = "0273-1177",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Report of the COSPAR mars special regions colloquium

AU - Kminek, G.

AU - Rummel, J. D.

AU - Cockell, C. S.

AU - Atlas, R.

AU - Barlow, N.

AU - Beaty, D.

AU - Boynton, William V.

AU - Carr, M.

AU - Clifford, S.

AU - Conley, C. A.

AU - Davila, A. F.

AU - Debus, A.

AU - Doran, P.

AU - Hecht, M.

AU - Heldmann, J.

AU - Helbert, J.

AU - Hipkin, V.

AU - Horneck, G.

AU - Kieft, T. L.

AU - Klingelhoefer, G.

AU - Meyer, M.

AU - Newsom, H.

AU - Ori, G. G.

AU - Parnell, J.

AU - Prieur, D.

AU - Raulin, F.

AU - Schulze-Makuch, D.

AU - Spry, J. A.

AU - Stabekis, P. E.

AU - Stackebrandt, E.

AU - Vago, J.

AU - Viso, M.

AU - Voytek, M.

AU - Wells, L.

AU - Westall, F.

PY - 2010/9/15

Y1 - 2010/9/15

N2 - In this paper we present the findings of a COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007. We review and discuss the definition of Mars Special Regions, the physical parameters used to define Mars Special Regions, and physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as Mars Special Regions. We conclude that any region experiencing temperatures > -25 °C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. Physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as meeting these conditions constitute a Mars Special Region. Based on current knowledge of the martian environment and the conservative nature of planetary protection, the following features constitute Mars Special regions: Gullies and bright streaks associated with them, pasted-on terrain, deep subsurface, dark streaks only on a case-by-case basis, others to be determined. The parameter definition and the associated list of physical features should be re-evaluated on a regular basis.

AB - In this paper we present the findings of a COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007. We review and discuss the definition of Mars Special Regions, the physical parameters used to define Mars Special Regions, and physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as Mars Special Regions. We conclude that any region experiencing temperatures > -25 °C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. Physical features on Mars that can be interpreted as meeting these conditions constitute a Mars Special Region. Based on current knowledge of the martian environment and the conservative nature of planetary protection, the following features constitute Mars Special regions: Gullies and bright streaks associated with them, pasted-on terrain, deep subsurface, dark streaks only on a case-by-case basis, others to be determined. The parameter definition and the associated list of physical features should be re-evaluated on a regular basis.

KW - Forward contamination

KW - Low temperature

KW - Mars

KW - Planetary protection

KW - Special regions

KW - Water activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955557608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955557608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039

DO - 10.1016/j.asr.2010.04.039

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 811

EP - 829

JO - Advances in Space Research

JF - Advances in Space Research

SN - 0273-1177

IS - 6

ER -