Resolved magnetic-field structure and variability near the event horizon of Sagittarius A∗

Michael D. Johnson, Vincent L. Fish, Sheperd S. Doeleman, Daniel P. Marrone, Richard L. Plambeck, John F.C. Wardle, Kazunori Akiyama, Keiichi Asada, Christopher Beaudoin, Lindy Blackburn, Ray Blundell, Geoffrey C. Bower, Christiaan Brinkerink, Avery E. Broderick, Roger Cappallo, Andrew A. Chael, Geoffrey B. Crew, Jason Dexter, Matt Dexter, Robert FreundPer Friberg, Roman Gold, Mark A. Gurwell, Paul T.P. Ho, Mareki Honma, Makoto Inoue, Michael Kosowsky, Thomas P. Krichbaum, James Lamb, Abraham Loeb, Ru Sen Lu, David MacMahon, Jonathan C. McKinney, James M. Moran, Ramesh Narayan, Rurik A. Primiani, Dimitrios Psaltis, Alan E.E. Rogers, Katherine Rosenfeld, Jason Soo Hoo, Remo P.J. Tilanus, Michael Titus, Laura Vertatschitsch, Jonathan Weintroub, Melvyn Wright, Ken H. Young, J. Anton Zensus, Lucy M. Ziurys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

Near a black hole, differential rotation of a magnetized accretion disk is thought to produce an instability that amplifies weak magnetic fields, driving accretion and outflow. These magnetic fields would naturally give rise to the observed synchrotron emission in galaxy cores and to the formation of relativistic jets, but no observations to date have been able to resolve the expected horizon-scale magnetic-field structure.We report interferometric observations at 1.3-millimeter wavelength that spatially resolve the linearly polarized emission from the Galactic Center supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A∗We have found evidence for partially ordered magnetic fields near the event horizon, on scales of ∼6 Schwarzschild radii, and we have detected and localized the intrahour variability associated with these fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1242-1245
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume350
Issue number6265
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Johnson, M. D., Fish, V. L., Doeleman, S. S., Marrone, D. P., Plambeck, R. L., Wardle, J. F. C., Akiyama, K., Asada, K., Beaudoin, C., Blackburn, L., Blundell, R., Bower, G. C., Brinkerink, C., Broderick, A. E., Cappallo, R., Chael, A. A., Crew, G. B., Dexter, J., Dexter, M., ... Ziurys, L. M. (2015). Resolved magnetic-field structure and variability near the event horizon of Sagittarius A∗. Science, 350(6265), 1242-1245. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac7087