The image state manifold of the dipolar organic semiconductor vanadyl naphthalocyanine (VONc) on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite is investigated by angle-resolved two-photon photoemission (AR-TPPE) spectroscopy in the 0 - 1 monolayer regimes. Interfacial charge-transfer from the image potential state of clean graphite populates a near-resonant VONc anion level, identifiable by the graphite image potential state by its distinct momentum dispersion obtained from AR-TPPE. This affinity level is subject to depolarization by the neighboring molecules, resulting in stabilization of this state with coverage. Near a coverage of one monolayer, a hybrid image potentialanion state is also formed, showing progressive localization with coverage. Intensities for all these features develop rather differently with molecular coverage, pointing towards the different types of charge-transfer interactions at play at this interface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry