Response of desert-adapted landscape trees to deficit irrigation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nine species of landscape trees commonly planted in the semi-arid southwestern United States were irrigated with three different regimes to determine their growth response and aesthetic functionality. Irrigation treatments started in May 2010 and were based on applying 80% (wet), 60% (medium), and 40% (dry) of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) from May to October and half of that (40, 30, and 20% of ETo) from November through April. The three irrigation treatments resulted in different irrigation frequencies. Plants in the wet treatment received about twice the number of irrigations compared to plants in the dry treatment. During one 12-month period of the study, the shortest irrigation interval in summer was 6, 8, and 13 days, and the preceding winter the longest interval between irrigations was 109, 156, and 189 days for the wet, medium, and dry treatment, respectively. Trunk area was largest for Parkinsonia hybrid followed by Pistacia 'Red Push', Prosopis velutina, Chilopsis linearis, and Pinus eldarica. Smallest trees based on growth index and trunk area were Ebenopsis ebano, Quercus virginiana and Fraxinus velutina 'Rio Grande'. By fall of 2013 no significant differences in height and trunk growth growth of the same species receiving the different irrigation treatments were recorded. Symptoms of deficit irrigation started to develop on F. velutina 'Rio Grande', Cupressus arizonica, and P. eldarica as marginal leaf burn, thinning canopy, and branch dieback. After 41 months of treatments, trees of similar size were grown with half the amount of water that was applied to a tree of the same species in the wet irrigation treatment without detrimental consequences for six of the nine species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication29th International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture
Subtitle of host publicationSustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC 2014): International Symposia on Water, Eco-Efficiency and Transformation of Organic Waste in Horticultural Production
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages193-200
Number of pages8
Volume1112
ISBN (Electronic)9789462611061
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 22 2016

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1112
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

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Keywords

  • Chilopsis linearis
  • Cupressus arizonica
  • Ebenopsis ebano
  • Fraxinus velutina
  • Parkinsonia thornless hybrid
  • Pinus eldarica
  • Pistacia × 'Red Push'
  • Prosopis velutina
  • Quercus virginiana
  • Reference evapotranspiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Schuch, U. K., Mahato, T. R., Subramani, J. ., & Martin, E. C. (2016). Response of desert-adapted landscape trees to deficit irrigation. In 29th International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC 2014): International Symposia on Water, Eco-Efficiency and Transformation of Organic Waste in Horticultural Production (Vol. 1112, pp. 193-200). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1112). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1112.27