Response of karst Springs to climate change and anthropogenic activities: The Niangziguan Springs, China

Yonghong Hao, Yajie Wang, Yuen Zhu, Yi Lin, Jet Chau Wen, Tian-Chyi J Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Discharge from the largest karst spring in north China, the Niangziguan Springs, has been declining since the 1950s. This paper examines the response of these springs to climatic change and anthropogenic influence by attempting a model-based discrimination between phases in the stream discharge record. In Niangziguan Springs Basin, the exploitation of karst groundwater began in 1979. Accordingly, the spring discharge data were divided into two phases: pre-1979 and post-1979. In the first phase (1957-78) the spring discharge was believed to be affected solely by climate change, and in the second phase (1979-2007) the spring discharge was influenced by both climate change and human activities. Using grey system theory, a discharge model was estimated for the first phase. Extrapolating the model, we obtained a projection of the spring discharge during the second phase. Using a water balance calculation, we discerned the respective effects of climate change and human activities on depletion of spring discharge for the second phase. The results show that the contribution of climate change to depletion of Niangziguan Springs is 2.30m3/s and the contribution of anthropogenic activities ranges from 1.89 to 2.90 m3/s, although this assumes a constant for the climate change effect. Accordingly, the anthropogenic effects have been approaching and surpassing the effects of climate change during the second phase. With respect to the impact of human activities on spring discharge, groundwater abstraction accounts for only about 34-52% of the declines; 48-66% of the declines are related to other human activities, such as dewatering from coal mining, dam building and deforestation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)634-649
Number of pages16
JournalProgress in Physical Geography
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

karst
human activity
climate change
China
coal mining
system theory
abstraction
groundwater abstraction
projection
exploitation
discrimination
dewatering
anthropogenic effect
water
deforestation
water budget
dam
groundwater
basin
effect

Keywords

  • Anthropogenic influence
  • Climate change
  • GM(1,1) model
  • Grey system modelling
  • Niangziguan Springs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Response of karst Springs to climate change and anthropogenic activities : The Niangziguan Springs, China. / Hao, Yonghong; Wang, Yajie; Zhu, Yuen; Lin, Yi; Wen, Jet Chau; Yeh, Tian-Chyi J.

In: Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 33, No. 5, 10.2009, p. 634-649.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hao, Yonghong ; Wang, Yajie ; Zhu, Yuen ; Lin, Yi ; Wen, Jet Chau ; Yeh, Tian-Chyi J. / Response of karst Springs to climate change and anthropogenic activities : The Niangziguan Springs, China. In: Progress in Physical Geography. 2009 ; Vol. 33, No. 5. pp. 634-649.
@article{b92830cbc503436b827e9b6da5058b07,
title = "Response of karst Springs to climate change and anthropogenic activities: The Niangziguan Springs, China",
abstract = "Discharge from the largest karst spring in north China, the Niangziguan Springs, has been declining since the 1950s. This paper examines the response of these springs to climatic change and anthropogenic influence by attempting a model-based discrimination between phases in the stream discharge record. In Niangziguan Springs Basin, the exploitation of karst groundwater began in 1979. Accordingly, the spring discharge data were divided into two phases: pre-1979 and post-1979. In the first phase (1957-78) the spring discharge was believed to be affected solely by climate change, and in the second phase (1979-2007) the spring discharge was influenced by both climate change and human activities. Using grey system theory, a discharge model was estimated for the first phase. Extrapolating the model, we obtained a projection of the spring discharge during the second phase. Using a water balance calculation, we discerned the respective effects of climate change and human activities on depletion of spring discharge for the second phase. The results show that the contribution of climate change to depletion of Niangziguan Springs is 2.30m3/s and the contribution of anthropogenic activities ranges from 1.89 to 2.90 m3/s, although this assumes a constant for the climate change effect. Accordingly, the anthropogenic effects have been approaching and surpassing the effects of climate change during the second phase. With respect to the impact of human activities on spring discharge, groundwater abstraction accounts for only about 34-52{\%} of the declines; 48-66{\%} of the declines are related to other human activities, such as dewatering from coal mining, dam building and deforestation.",
keywords = "Anthropogenic influence, Climate change, GM(1,1) model, Grey system modelling, Niangziguan Springs",
author = "Yonghong Hao and Yajie Wang and Yuen Zhu and Yi Lin and Wen, {Jet Chau} and Yeh, {Tian-Chyi J}",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1177/0309133309346651",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "634--649",
journal = "Progress in Physical Geography",
issn = "0309-1333",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response of karst Springs to climate change and anthropogenic activities

T2 - The Niangziguan Springs, China

AU - Hao, Yonghong

AU - Wang, Yajie

AU - Zhu, Yuen

AU - Lin, Yi

AU - Wen, Jet Chau

AU - Yeh, Tian-Chyi J

PY - 2009/10

Y1 - 2009/10

N2 - Discharge from the largest karst spring in north China, the Niangziguan Springs, has been declining since the 1950s. This paper examines the response of these springs to climatic change and anthropogenic influence by attempting a model-based discrimination between phases in the stream discharge record. In Niangziguan Springs Basin, the exploitation of karst groundwater began in 1979. Accordingly, the spring discharge data were divided into two phases: pre-1979 and post-1979. In the first phase (1957-78) the spring discharge was believed to be affected solely by climate change, and in the second phase (1979-2007) the spring discharge was influenced by both climate change and human activities. Using grey system theory, a discharge model was estimated for the first phase. Extrapolating the model, we obtained a projection of the spring discharge during the second phase. Using a water balance calculation, we discerned the respective effects of climate change and human activities on depletion of spring discharge for the second phase. The results show that the contribution of climate change to depletion of Niangziguan Springs is 2.30m3/s and the contribution of anthropogenic activities ranges from 1.89 to 2.90 m3/s, although this assumes a constant for the climate change effect. Accordingly, the anthropogenic effects have been approaching and surpassing the effects of climate change during the second phase. With respect to the impact of human activities on spring discharge, groundwater abstraction accounts for only about 34-52% of the declines; 48-66% of the declines are related to other human activities, such as dewatering from coal mining, dam building and deforestation.

AB - Discharge from the largest karst spring in north China, the Niangziguan Springs, has been declining since the 1950s. This paper examines the response of these springs to climatic change and anthropogenic influence by attempting a model-based discrimination between phases in the stream discharge record. In Niangziguan Springs Basin, the exploitation of karst groundwater began in 1979. Accordingly, the spring discharge data were divided into two phases: pre-1979 and post-1979. In the first phase (1957-78) the spring discharge was believed to be affected solely by climate change, and in the second phase (1979-2007) the spring discharge was influenced by both climate change and human activities. Using grey system theory, a discharge model was estimated for the first phase. Extrapolating the model, we obtained a projection of the spring discharge during the second phase. Using a water balance calculation, we discerned the respective effects of climate change and human activities on depletion of spring discharge for the second phase. The results show that the contribution of climate change to depletion of Niangziguan Springs is 2.30m3/s and the contribution of anthropogenic activities ranges from 1.89 to 2.90 m3/s, although this assumes a constant for the climate change effect. Accordingly, the anthropogenic effects have been approaching and surpassing the effects of climate change during the second phase. With respect to the impact of human activities on spring discharge, groundwater abstraction accounts for only about 34-52% of the declines; 48-66% of the declines are related to other human activities, such as dewatering from coal mining, dam building and deforestation.

KW - Anthropogenic influence

KW - Climate change

KW - GM(1,1) model

KW - Grey system modelling

KW - Niangziguan Springs

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350442358&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350442358&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0309133309346651

DO - 10.1177/0309133309346651

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:70350442358

VL - 33

SP - 634

EP - 649

JO - Progress in Physical Geography

JF - Progress in Physical Geography

SN - 0309-1333

IS - 5

ER -