The electrophysiological effects of serotonin, a putative neurotransmitter in prevertebral sympathetic ganglia, were evaluated in cultured celiac and inferior mesenteric ganglia (IMG) neurons. Intracellular microelectrode recordings were performed in neurons that were maintained in culture an average of 26 days. Seventy-eight of 85 neurons responded when serotonin (10 μM) was applied by pressure ejection from a micropipette to the surface of the isolated cells. The majority of the neurons (n = 48) generated fast depolarizations, although slow depolarizations (n = 17), bipolar responses (n = 5), hyperpolarizations (n = 7), and a biphasic response (n = 1), were also seen. Hyperpolarizing responses were evoked in celiac neurons only. All responses were inhibited by the 5-HT3 antagonist MDL 72,222 (5 μM). Fast responses were not inhibited by tetrodotoxin (n = 3). These results demonstrate that serotonin evokes a variety of membrane potential changes in cultured prevertebral sympathetic neurons by activating 5-HT3 receptors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)