An integral equation determining the upper critical field parallel to the conducting plane of a layered superconductor is derived from microscopic BCS theory. From this equation, it follows that the superconductivity-destruction mechanism due to the orbital effect becomes ineffective at magnetic fields higher than a critical field Hc4 due to a quantum nature of an electron motion in a magnetic field. This leads to the appearance of reentrant superconducting phase with dTc/dH > 0 in the case of p-pairing and under certain conditions in the case of s(d)-pairing. We also show that the orbital effect cannot destroy superconductivity at T = 0 at arbitrary magnetic fields. Therefore qualitative deviations from the description of GLAG (WHH) theory have to appear for arbitrary symmetry of the order parameter at low enough temperatures. We argue that p(s)-wave superconductor Sr2RuO4 as well as s(d)-wave superconductors TlBa2CaCu2O7, Tl2Ba2Ca3Cu4Ox, β-(ET)2AuI2, and κ-(ET)2I3 are good candidates for the observation of the above mentioned phenomena.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering