Results of open and robot-assisted pancreatectomies with autologous islet transplantations: Treating chronic pancreatitis and preventing surgically induced diabetes

R. W.G. Gruessner, R. Cercone, C. Galvani, A. Rana, M. Porubsky, A. C. Gruessner, H. Rilo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

For patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP), standard surgical procedures (eg, partial or total resections, drainage procedures) are inadequate treatment options, because they do not confer pain relief and they leave patients prone to brittle diabetes and hypoglycemia. The combination of total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation (TP-IAT), however, can create insulin-independent and pain-free states. At our center, from August 2009 through August 2013, 61 patients with CP underwent either open or robot-assisted TP-IAT. The 30-day mortality rate was 0%. The transplanted islet equivalents per body weight ranged from 10,000 to 17,770. In all, 19% of the patients became insulin independent (after a range of 1-24 months); 27% of patients required <10 units of insulin. Moreover, at 12 months after surgery, 71% of the patients were pain free and no longer required analgesics. Our metabolic outcomes could have been even better if most patients had been referred at an earlier disease stage; instead, ∼80% had already undergone surgical procedures, and 91% had abnormal results on preoperative continuous glucose monitoring tests. Only if patients with CP are referred early for a TP-IAT - rather than being subjected to additional inadequate endoscopic and surgical procedures - can insulin-independent and pain-free states be accomplished in most.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1978-1979
Number of pages2
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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