Hemorrhagic shock can result in a hypercoagulable state and has been associated with both hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications in the perioperative period. The author hypothesized that hemorrhage and resuscitation could result in a hypercoagulable state via changes in the heparin-antithrombin III anticoagulant mechanism in rabbits. Rabbits sedated with ketamine underwent sham operation (n = 8) or hemorrhage (25 mL/kg blood shed) for 60 min, followed by resuscitation with an equal volume of 5% human albumin (n = 8) or Hextend® (n = 8). Coagulation analysis with the Thrombelastograph® analyzer and determination of endogenous heparin and antithrombin III activity were performed on arterial blood samples obtained before hemorrhage and 30 min after resuscitation. The reaction time significantly decreased by 34% after hemorrhage and resuscitation with Hextend®, whereas no other significant changes in Thrombelastograph® variables were noted. Antithrombin III activity was significantly less in the Albumin (83% ± 8% of control, mean ± SD) and Hextend® (88% ± 8%) Resuscitated groups compared with the Sham-Operated animals. Of interest, only the Hextend®-Resuscitated animals demonstrated a significant decrease in heparin activity (53.4 ± 13.6 mU/mL before hemorrhage, 42.3 ± 5.6 mU/mL after resuscitation). A Hextend®-mediated decrease of both heparin and antithrombin III activity may explain the acceleration of clot initiation compared with albumin administration after hemorrhage in the rabbit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine