Review and perspectives of plant cultivation facilities and technologies for space exploration

Cesare Lobascio, Giorgio Boscheri, Matteo Lamantea, Stefania De Pascale, Gene Giacomelli, Phil Sadler, Ray Wheeler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Future habitation of space will necessitate engineering of complex systems capable of performing critical tasks for life support, including atmosphere revitalization, water purification and food production. Bio-regenerative Life Support Systems represent an integrated solution to these problems, with higher plants cultivation facilities as a key element capable of providing a variable percentage of the astronauts' diet. A Food Complement Unit is a potential solution for providing fresh crops and dietary supplements for the crew on the International Space Station (ISS) and future space exploration vehicles. Larger greenhouses are envisaged on planetary surfaces for longer missions, providing percentages of astronauts' diet up to 40 - 50%. Safe, sustainable and reliable operations of such systems in their relevant environment, mission and associated spacecraft is challenging and requiring an organized technological development approach. Critical subsystems necessitating further technological development include: Nutrient Delivery System - with root zone interactions, multi-phase flows, bio-contamination issues, and optimization of growth substrates Plant Illumination System - with associated high energy consumption, to be reduced via alternative light delivery strategies and technologies - Air Management - featuring trace contaminants removal, gas exchange with the crew quarters Exploitation of the ISS and of Earth analogues are opportunities to be pursued for such critical technologies demonstration, to provide a solid baseline for exploration architectural studies. This paper reports a brief summary of existing plant growth facilities, a review of the most critical plant production technologies and a roadmap for necessary further developments, focusing on the potential of ISS and of Earth analogues exploitation for their demonstration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012
Pages565-572
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Event63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012 - Naples, Italy
Duration: Oct 1 2012Oct 5 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Volume1
ISSN (Print)0074-1795

Other

Other63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012
CountryItaly
CityNaples
Period10/1/1210/5/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Lobascio, C., Boscheri, G., Lamantea, M., De Pascale, S., Giacomelli, G., Sadler, P., & Wheeler, R. (2012). Review and perspectives of plant cultivation facilities and technologies for space exploration. In 63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012 (pp. 565-572). (Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC; Vol. 1).