Rheology of aqueous solutions of hydrophobically modified polyacrylamides and surfactants

Evis K. Penott-Chang, Laura Gouveia, Iraima J. Fernández, Alejandro J. Müller, Antonio Díaz-Barrios, A. Eduardo Sáez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrophobically modified polyacrylamides (HMPAM) were synthesized by aqueous micellar copolymerization using as hydrophobic monomers n-decylacrylamide and t-octyl-acrylamide. The synthesized polymers contained between 0.5 and 1.5 mol.% of the hydrophobic groups. Shear rheology experiments showed a viscosity enhancement for most copolymers in comparison with the homopolymers due to intermolecular hydrophobic associations, which lead to shear thickening for copolymers with 1 mol.% or more hydrophobic groups. An increase in the ionic strength of the solutions strengthens these hydrophobic associations. The addition of an anionic surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) produced viscosity increases due to intermolecular bridging caused by the formation of mixed micelles between the hydrophobic groups and the surfactant. Higher surfactant concentrations lead to a viscosity reduction due to electrostatic screening of associations between hydrophobic side groups of different chains. The same behavior was observed in the spherical micelle concentration regime for the cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium p-toluenesulfonate (CTAT), but at higher surfactant concentrations, entanglements between the copolymers and worm-like micelles lead to further increases in solution viscosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume295
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Keywords

  • Associating polymers
  • Hydrophobically modified polymers
  • Worm-like micelles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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