Risk Factors and Impact of Delayed Graft Function after Pancreas Transplants

Miguel Tan, Raja Kandaswamy, David E.R. Sutherland, Rainer W. Gruessner, Angelika C. Gruessner, Abhinav Humar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Delayed graft function (DGF) occurs after many pancreas transplants (PTx), but is poorly characterized. We studied its incidence, course, and impact in a series of 531 pancreas transplants. Between January 1997 and September 2002, we performed 531 technically successful primary PTx. Of these 531 recipients, 176 (33%) had DGF, defined by their need for exogenous insulin at the time of hospital discharge. The incidence of DGF was roughly equivalent in the three transplant categories: SPK (36%), PAK (32%), and PTA (31%) (p = NS). By 3 months posttransplant, only 19 (3.5%) of all recipients remained on insulin. Only three recipients (0.56%) did not achieve insulin independence. The mean donor age of recipients with DGF was 35.1 years vs. 28.8 years without DGF (p = 0.003). By multivariate analysis, the most significant risk factor for DGF was donor age > 45 years (RR = 4.3, p = 0.0001). For SPK recipients with DGF, graft survival was 87% at 1 year and 82% at 3 years posttransplant; without DGF, 94% at 1 year and 87% at 3 years (p = 0.07). For PAK and PTA recipients, no difference was noted. Acute rejection rates were somewhat higher in recipients with DGF, but this did not reach statistical significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-762
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Delayed graft function
  • Pancreas transplant
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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