Risk factors for post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) atrial fibrillation and the role of aspirin and beta blockers in its prevention

Muhammad F. Khan, Aravind Herle, Mohammad R Movahed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) is the most common arrhythmia following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and it increases morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictability of this arrhythmia using previously identified risk factors and to assess the efficacy of recommended prophylactic beta blocker (BB) therapy in the prevention of post CABG AF. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart analysis of consecutive patients undergoing elective CABG during 1 year period. Patients who developed new onset AF after the surgery were designated as cases and those who did not, as controls. 41 different variables were analyzed using Chi-square test and independent sample t-Test. Multivariate analysis was carried out using logistic regression model.Results: 23% patients undergoing CABG developed AF during post-operative period. Statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of age, use of peri-operative Aspirin (ASA), current smoking, previous history of AF, left atrial size, history of congestive heart failure (CHF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. In terms of prophylactic therapy, preoperative BB did not independently protect against post CABG AF. On multivariate analysis, only age, use of ASA and previous history of AF remained as independent predictors of post CABG AF.Conclusion: In our study population, the use of preoperative BB did not independently decrease the risk of post-CABGAF. Age, peri-operative ASA use and previous history of AF remained strong independent predictors of post- operative AF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-19
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Atrial Fibrillation
Volume5
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 2013

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Atrial Flutter
Coronary Artery Bypass
Atrial Fibrillation
Aspirin
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Brain Natriuretic Peptide
Chi-Square Distribution
Heart Failure
Smoking
Morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Risk factors for post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) atrial fibrillation and the role of aspirin and beta blockers in its prevention. / Khan, Muhammad F.; Herle, Aravind; Movahed, Mohammad R.

In: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation, Vol. 5, No. 5, 02.2013, p. 10-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Background: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) is the most common arrhythmia following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and it increases morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictability of this arrhythmia using previously identified risk factors and to assess the efficacy of recommended prophylactic beta blocker (BB) therapy in the prevention of post CABG AF. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart analysis of consecutive patients undergoing elective CABG during 1 year period. Patients who developed new onset AF after the surgery were designated as cases and those who did not, as controls. 41 different variables were analyzed using Chi-square test and independent sample t-Test. Multivariate analysis was carried out using logistic regression model.Results: 23% patients undergoing CABG developed AF during post-operative period. Statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of age, use of peri-operative Aspirin (ASA), current smoking, previous history of AF, left atrial size, history of congestive heart failure (CHF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. In terms of prophylactic therapy, preoperative BB did not independently protect against post CABG AF. On multivariate analysis, only age, use of ASA and previous history of AF remained as independent predictors of post CABG AF.Conclusion: In our study population, the use of preoperative BB did not independently decrease the risk of post-CABGAF. Age, peri-operative ASA use and previous history of AF remained strong independent predictors of post- operative AF.

AB - Background: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) is the most common arrhythmia following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and it increases morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictability of this arrhythmia using previously identified risk factors and to assess the efficacy of recommended prophylactic beta blocker (BB) therapy in the prevention of post CABG AF. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart analysis of consecutive patients undergoing elective CABG during 1 year period. Patients who developed new onset AF after the surgery were designated as cases and those who did not, as controls. 41 different variables were analyzed using Chi-square test and independent sample t-Test. Multivariate analysis was carried out using logistic regression model.Results: 23% patients undergoing CABG developed AF during post-operative period. Statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of age, use of peri-operative Aspirin (ASA), current smoking, previous history of AF, left atrial size, history of congestive heart failure (CHF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. In terms of prophylactic therapy, preoperative BB did not independently protect against post CABG AF. On multivariate analysis, only age, use of ASA and previous history of AF remained as independent predictors of post CABG AF.Conclusion: In our study population, the use of preoperative BB did not independently decrease the risk of post-CABGAF. Age, peri-operative ASA use and previous history of AF remained strong independent predictors of post- operative AF.

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