Risk Management Interventions to Reduce Injuries and Maximize Economic Benefits in U.S. Mining

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Risk management (RM) is a cyclical process of identifying and ranking risks, implementing controls, and evaluating their effectiveness. This study aims to identify effective RM interventions in the U.S. mining industry. Methods: RM interventions were identified in four companies representing metal, aggregate, and coal mining sectors. Injury rates were determined using Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data and changes in injury rates identified through change point analysis. Program implementation costs and associated changes in injury costs were evaluated for select interventions. Results: Six of 20 RM interventions were associated with a decline in all injuries and one with a reduction in lost-time injuries, all with a positive return on investment. Conclusion: Reductions in injuries and associated costs were observed following implementation of a limited number of specific RM interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-233
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Risk Management
Economics
Wounds and Injuries
Costs and Cost Analysis
Coal Mining
Industry
Metals
Safety
Health

Keywords

  • injury prevention
  • mining
  • risk management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Risk Management Interventions to Reduce Injuries and Maximize Economic Benefits in U.S. Mining",
abstract = "Objective: Risk management (RM) is a cyclical process of identifying and ranking risks, implementing controls, and evaluating their effectiveness. This study aims to identify effective RM interventions in the U.S. mining industry. Methods: RM interventions were identified in four companies representing metal, aggregate, and coal mining sectors. Injury rates were determined using Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data and changes in injury rates identified through change point analysis. Program implementation costs and associated changes in injury costs were evaluated for select interventions. Results: Six of 20 RM interventions were associated with a decline in all injuries and one with a reduction in lost-time injuries, all with a positive return on investment. Conclusion: Reductions in injuries and associated costs were observed following implementation of a limited number of specific RM interventions.",
keywords = "injury prevention, mining, risk management",
author = "Stephanie Griffin and Bui, {David P.} and Gautam Gowrisankaran and Lutz, {Eric A} and Charles He and Chengcheng Hu and Burgess, {Jefferey L}",
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AU - Griffin, Stephanie

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AU - Hu, Chengcheng

AU - Burgess, Jefferey L

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AB - Objective: Risk management (RM) is a cyclical process of identifying and ranking risks, implementing controls, and evaluating their effectiveness. This study aims to identify effective RM interventions in the U.S. mining industry. Methods: RM interventions were identified in four companies representing metal, aggregate, and coal mining sectors. Injury rates were determined using Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data and changes in injury rates identified through change point analysis. Program implementation costs and associated changes in injury costs were evaluated for select interventions. Results: Six of 20 RM interventions were associated with a decline in all injuries and one with a reduction in lost-time injuries, all with a positive return on investment. Conclusion: Reductions in injuries and associated costs were observed following implementation of a limited number of specific RM interventions.

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