Role of Sex and the Environment in Moderating Weight Gain Due to Inadequate Sleep

Jamie E. Coborn, Monica M. Houser, Claudio E. Perez-Leighton, Jennifer A Teske

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The growing prevalence of obesity, inadequate sleep and sleep disorders together with the negative impact of lack of sleep on overall health highlights the need for therapies targeted towards weight gain due to sleep loss.

RECENT FINDINGS: Sex disparities in obesity and sleep disorders are present; yet, the role of sex is inadequately addressed and thus it is unclear whether sensitivity to sleep disruption differs between men and women. Like sex, environmental factors contribute to the development of obesity and poor sleep. The obesogenic environment is characterized by easy access to palatable foods and a low demand for energy expenditure in daily activities. These and other environmental factors are discussed, as they drive altered sleep or their interaction with food choice and intake can promote obesity. We discuss data that suggest differences in sleep patterns and responses to sleep disruption influence sex disparities in weight gain, and that enviromental disturbances alter sleep and interact with features of the obesogenic environment that together promote obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent obesity reports
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Estrogen
  • Obesity
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Sleep fragmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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