Analogue gravity studies the physics of curved spacetime in laboratory experiments, where the propagation of elementary excitations in inhomogeneous flows is mapped to those of scalar fields in a curved spacetime metric. While most analogue gravity experiments are performed in 1+1 dimensions (one spatial plus time) and thus can only mimic only 1+1D spacetime, we present a 2+1D photon (room temperature) superuid where the geometry of a rotating acoustic black hole can be realized in 2+1D dimensions. By measuring the local flow velocity and speed of waves in the superuid, we identify a 2D region surrounded by an ergo sphere and a spatially separated event horizon. This provides the first direct experimental evidence of an ergosphere and horizon in any system, and the possibility in the future to study the analogue of Penrose superradiance from rotating black holes with quantised angular momentum and modified dispersion relations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Sep 13 2017|
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