Rotationally resolved spectroscopic characterization of near-earth object (3200) phaethon

Theodore Kareta, Vishnu Reddy, Carl Hergenrother, Dante S. Lauretta, Tomoko Arai, Driss Takir, Juan Sanchez, Josef Hanuš

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(3200) Phaethon is a compelling object as it has an asteroidal appearance and spectrum, produces a weak dust tail during perihelion at just 0.14 au, and is the parent body of the Geminid Meteor Shower. A better understanding of the physical properties of Phaethon is needed to understand the nature of its current and previous activity, relationship to potential source populations, and to plan for the upcoming flyby of the DESTINY+ spacecraft of Phaethon in the 2020s. We performed rotationally resolved spectroscopy of Phaethon at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (0.4-2.5 μm) in 2007 and 2017, respectively, to better understand its surface properties. The visible and near-infrared observations both spanned nearly a full rotation or more and were under similar observing geometries, covering the entire surface with the exception of the north pole. The visible wavelengths show blue slopes with only minor slope variations and no absorption features. The NIR data is minimally varying and concave upwards, from very blue to blue-neutral with increasing wavelength. We fit the short-wavelength tail of Phaethon's thermal emission and retrieve an average visible albedo of pv = 0.08±0.01, which is lower than previous measurements but plausible in light of the recent larger radar-measured diameter of Phaethon. We retrieve an average infrared beaming parameter of Phaethon of η = 1.70±0.05, which is similar to previous results. We discuss the implications of Phaethon's visible and near-infrared spectrum as well as the lower albedo on its origin, source population, and evolutionary history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberaaeb8a
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume156
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

hypothetical planets
near Earth objects
wavelength
near infrared
albedo
parent body
meteor
wavelengths
spacecraft
physical property
spectroscopy
radar
slopes
dust
geometry
meteoroids
thermal emission
history
showers
surface properties

Keywords

  • Meteorites, meteors, meteoroids
  • Minor planets, asteroids: General
  • Minor planets, asteroids: Individual (Phaethon)
  • Techniques: Spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Rotationally resolved spectroscopic characterization of near-earth object (3200) phaethon. / Kareta, Theodore; Reddy, Vishnu; Hergenrother, Carl; Lauretta, Dante S.; Arai, Tomoko; Takir, Driss; Sanchez, Juan; Hanuš, Josef.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 156, No. 6, aaeb8a, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kareta, T, Reddy, V, Hergenrother, C, Lauretta, DS, Arai, T, Takir, D, Sanchez, J & Hanuš, J 2018, 'Rotationally resolved spectroscopic characterization of near-earth object (3200) phaethon', Astronomical Journal, vol. 156, no. 6, aaeb8a. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aaeb8a
Kareta, Theodore ; Reddy, Vishnu ; Hergenrother, Carl ; Lauretta, Dante S. ; Arai, Tomoko ; Takir, Driss ; Sanchez, Juan ; Hanuš, Josef. / Rotationally resolved spectroscopic characterization of near-earth object (3200) phaethon. In: Astronomical Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 156, No. 6.
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AB - (3200) Phaethon is a compelling object as it has an asteroidal appearance and spectrum, produces a weak dust tail during perihelion at just 0.14 au, and is the parent body of the Geminid Meteor Shower. A better understanding of the physical properties of Phaethon is needed to understand the nature of its current and previous activity, relationship to potential source populations, and to plan for the upcoming flyby of the DESTINY+ spacecraft of Phaethon in the 2020s. We performed rotationally resolved spectroscopy of Phaethon at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (0.4-2.5 μm) in 2007 and 2017, respectively, to better understand its surface properties. The visible and near-infrared observations both spanned nearly a full rotation or more and were under similar observing geometries, covering the entire surface with the exception of the north pole. The visible wavelengths show blue slopes with only minor slope variations and no absorption features. The NIR data is minimally varying and concave upwards, from very blue to blue-neutral with increasing wavelength. We fit the short-wavelength tail of Phaethon's thermal emission and retrieve an average visible albedo of pv = 0.08±0.01, which is lower than previous measurements but plausible in light of the recent larger radar-measured diameter of Phaethon. We retrieve an average infrared beaming parameter of Phaethon of η = 1.70±0.05, which is similar to previous results. We discuss the implications of Phaethon's visible and near-infrared spectrum as well as the lower albedo on its origin, source population, and evolutionary history.

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