Rubidazone, the new semi-synthetic benzol hydrazone hydrochloride derivative of dauorubicin, has proved on a molecular weight basis to be less toxic than adriamycin and similar to daunorubicin in cardiac toxicity studies in the hamster as well as in other in vivo and in vitro test systems. It has proven effectiveness against several animal tumours and human acute leukaemias. We have compared the inhibitory effect of rubidazone to that of adriamycin on P388 leukaemia and normal bone marrow colony-forming units (CFU) using the spleen colony assay system in male DBA2 mice. The efficacy ratios (i.e., the ratio of the slopes of the normal bone marrow CFU to leukaemic CFU dose-survival curves) in the spleen colony assay system for rubidazone and adriamycin were 7-8 and 7-5 respectively. This near identity of efficacy ratios fro rubidazone and adriamycin correlated with the results of median survival time studies in the leukaemic mice. Their dose-median survival time curves were almost parallel, having nearly identical slopes. Rubidazone's equal therapeutic index as compared to adriamycin in the spleen colony assay system together with its known decreased toxicity to cardiac muscle cells makes it an extremely promising new anthracycline derivative to study in comparison to adriamycin in human malignancies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research