Safe Schools? Transgender Youth’s School Experiences and Perceptions of School Climate

Jack K. Day, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Stephen T Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The magnitude of gender identity-related disparities in school-based outcomes is unknown because of a lack of representative studies that include measures of gender identity. By utilizing a representative sample generalizable to a broader population, this study elucidates the size of gender identity-related disparities, independent of sexual orientation, in school experiences associated with school connectedness and perceptions of school climate. Additionally, the inclusion of and comparison to results of a large non-representative sample allows for more direct comparisons to previous studies of the school experiences of transgender youth. The analyses in this study primarily draw on a sample of 31,896 youth representative of the middle and high school population in California who participated in the 2013–2015 California Student Survey (a subsample of the California Healthy Kids Survey, which includes the largest known sample of transgender youth). Over half the sample identified their sex as female (51.3%), and 398 identified as transgender (1.0%). The sample was racially and ethnically diverse: 30.7% identified as multiracial, 33.0% as White, 11.1% as Asian, 7.4% as Black, and 52.9% as Hispanic. Findings from multilevel analyses show that relative to non-transgender youth, transgender youth were more likely to be truant from school, to experience victimization and bias-based bullying, and to report more negative perceptions of school climate, though did not differ in self-reported grades. The findings have implications for improving school policies and practices to create safer and more supportive school climates for all youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Transgender Persons
school climate
Climate
school
experience
gender
school policy
sexual orientation
victimization
exclusion
Multilevel Analysis
Bullying
inclusion
Crime Victims
Hispanic Americans
Sexual Behavior
lack
Population
trend

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Bias-based bullying
  • Gender identity
  • Truancy
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Safe Schools? Transgender Youth’s School Experiences and Perceptions of School Climate. / Day, Jack K.; Perez-Brumer, Amaya; Russell, Stephen T.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 01.06.2018, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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