Scaling supernova hydrodynamics to the laboratory

J. Kane, W David Arnett, B. A. Remington, S. G. Glendinning, G. Bazan, R. P. Drake, B. A. Fryxell, R. Teyssier, K. Moore

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Abstract

Supernova (SN) 1987A focused attention on the critical role of hydrodynamic instabilities in the evolution of supernovae. To test the modeling of these instabilities, we are developing laboratory experiments of hydrodynamic mixing under conditions relevant to supernovae. Initial results were reported in J. Kane et al. [Astrophys. J. 478, L75 (1997) and B. A. Remington et al., Phys. Plasmas 4, 1994 (1997)]. The Nova laser is used to generate a 10-15 Mbar shock at the interface of a two-layer planar target, which triggers perturbation growth due to the Richtmyer-Meshkov instability, and to the Rayleigh-Taylor instability as the interface decelerates. This resembles the hydrodynamics of the He-H interface of a Type II supernova at intermediate times, up to a few × 103 s. The scaling of hydrodynamics on microscopic laser scales to the SN-size scales is presented. The experiment is modeled using the hydrodynamics codes HYADES [J. T. Larson and S. M. Lane, J. Quant. Spect. Rad. Trans. 51, 179 (1994)] and CALE [R. T. Barton, Numerical Astrophysics (Jones and Bartlett, Boston, 1985), pp. 482-497], and the supernova code PROMETHEUS [P. R. Woodward and P. Collela, J. Comp. Phys. 54, 115 (1984)]. Results of the experiments and simulations are presented. Analysis of the spike-and-bubble velocities using potential flow theory and Ott thin-shell theory is presented, as well as a study of 2D versus 3D differences in perturbation growth at the He-H interface of SN 1987A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2065-2071
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume6
Issue number5 I
StatePublished - May 1999

Fingerprint

supernovae
hydrodynamics
scaling
supernova 1987A
shell theory
flow theory
perturbation
potential flow
Taylor instability
spikes
lasers
astrophysics
bubbles
actuators
shock
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Kane, J., Arnett, W. D., Remington, B. A., Glendinning, S. G., Bazan, G., Drake, R. P., ... Moore, K. (1999). Scaling supernova hydrodynamics to the laboratory. Physics of Plasmas, 6(5 I), 2065-2071.

Scaling supernova hydrodynamics to the laboratory. / Kane, J.; Arnett, W David; Remington, B. A.; Glendinning, S. G.; Bazan, G.; Drake, R. P.; Fryxell, B. A.; Teyssier, R.; Moore, K.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 6, No. 5 I, 05.1999, p. 2065-2071.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kane, J, Arnett, WD, Remington, BA, Glendinning, SG, Bazan, G, Drake, RP, Fryxell, BA, Teyssier, R & Moore, K 1999, 'Scaling supernova hydrodynamics to the laboratory', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 6, no. 5 I, pp. 2065-2071.
Kane J, Arnett WD, Remington BA, Glendinning SG, Bazan G, Drake RP et al. Scaling supernova hydrodynamics to the laboratory. Physics of Plasmas. 1999 May;6(5 I):2065-2071.
Kane, J. ; Arnett, W David ; Remington, B. A. ; Glendinning, S. G. ; Bazan, G. ; Drake, R. P. ; Fryxell, B. A. ; Teyssier, R. ; Moore, K. / Scaling supernova hydrodynamics to the laboratory. In: Physics of Plasmas. 1999 ; Vol. 6, No. 5 I. pp. 2065-2071.
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