We present new, near-infrared (1.1–2.4 µm) high-contrast imaging of the bright debris disk surrounding HIP 79977 with the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics system (SCExAO) coupled with the CHARIS integral field spectrograph. SCExAO/CHARIS resolves the disk down to smaller angular separations of (0'' . 11; r ∼ 14 au) and at a higher significance than previously achieved at the same wavelengths. The disk exhibits a marginally significant east-west brightness asymmetry in H band that requires confirmation. Geometrical modeling suggests a nearly edge-on disk viewed at a position angle of ∼ 114.6◦ east of north. The disk is best-fit by scattered-light models assuming strongly forward-scattering grains (g ∼ 0.5–0.65) confined to a torus with a peak density at r0 ∼ 53–75 au. We find that a shallow outer density power law of αout =-1– -3 and flare index of β = 1 are preferred. Other disk parameters (e.g. inner density power law and vertical scale height) are more poorly constrained. The disk has a slightly blue intrinsic color and its profile is broadly consistent with predictions from birth ring models applied to other debris disks. While HIP 79977’s disk appears to be more strongly forward-scattering than most resolved disks surrounding 5–30 Myr-old stars, this difference may be due to observational biases favoring forward-scattering models for inclined disks vs. lower inclination, ostensibly neutral-scattering disks like HR 4796A’s. Deeper, higher signal-to-noise SCExAO/CHARIS data can better constrain the disk’s dust composition.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Oct 22 2018|
- Circumstellar matter
- Planetary systems
- Stars: individual (HIP 79977), techniques: high angular resolution
ASJC Scopus subject areas