Science applications of the Mars Observer gamma ray spectrometer

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Abstract

The Mars Observer gamma ray spectrometer will return data related to the elemental composition of Mars. The instrument has both a gamma ray spectrometer and several neutron detectors. The gamma ray spectrometer will return a spectrum nominally every 20 s from Mars permitting a map of the elemental abundances to be made. The neutron detectors, using the fact that the orbital velocity of the Mars Observer spacecraft is similar to the velocity of thermal neutrons, determine both the thermal and epithermal neutron flux. These parameters are particularly sensitive to the concentration of hydrogen in the upper meter of the surface. By combining the results from both techniques it is possible to map the depth dependence of hydrogen in the upper meter as well. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7681-7698
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume97
Issue numberE5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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