Seasonal Slumps in Juventae Chasma, Mars

Lujendra Ojha, Matt Chojnacki, George D. McDonald, Andrew Shumway, Michael J. Wolff, Michael D. Smith, Alfred S. McEwen, Ken Ferrier, Christian Huber, James J. Wray, Anthony Toigo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dark topographic slumps several meters wide, tens of meters in length, and up to a meter in depth are observed on the slopes of Juventae Chasma (JC), Valles Marineris (VM), Mars. These slumps usually originate near the terminal points of recurring slope lineae (RSL). Near their initiation points, the slumps have topographic depressions due to the removal of materials; near their lowermost reaches, new materials are deposited in lobes. Over the course of three Mars years, 10 active slumps have been observed in JC, all of which formed in or near the same season (areocentric longitude: Ls 0°–120°). Mars Color Imager (MARCI) observations show low-altitude atmospheric obscurations confined within the topography of the VM and JC in the seasons when the slumps form. In one instance, data from the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars and MARCI show evidence of H2O ice in the atmospheric obscuration, likely due to the formation of a low-level afternoon cloud above a dust storm, or mixing of condensate clouds with a diffuse dust cloud. The presence of atmospheric obscurations with H2O ice near times when the slumps form is intriguing, but no direct evidence currently exists to support that they aid in slump formation. Further monitoring of this site will help establish if RSL and/or atmospheric events play a role in the creation of contemporary slumps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2193-2214
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Volume122
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Mars
  • atmosphere
  • fog
  • ice
  • mass wasting
  • spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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