Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO3)

N. L. Ng, A. J. Kwan, J. D. Surratt, A. W H Chan, P. S. Chhabra, Armin Sorooshian, H. O T Pye, J. D. Crounse, P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld

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Abstract

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from the reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO3) is investigated in the Caltech indoor chambers. Experiments are performed in the dark and under dry conditions (RH&lt10%) using N2O5 as a source of NO3 radicals. For an initial isoprene concentration of 18.4 to 101.6 ppb, the SOA yield (defined as the ratio of the mass of organic aerosol formed to the mass of parent hydrocarbon reacted) ranges from 4.3% to 23.8%. By examining the time evolutions of gas-phase intermediate products and aerosol volume in real time, we are able to constrain the chemistry that leads to the formation of low-volatility products. Although the formation of ROOR from the reaction of two peroxy radicals (RO2) has generally been considered as a minor channel, based on the gas-phase and aerosol-phase data it appears that RO 2+RO2 reaction (self reaction or cross-reaction) in the gas phase yielding ROOR products is a dominant SOA formation pathway. A wide array of organic nitrates and peroxides are identified in the aerosol formed and mechanisms for SOA formation are proposed. Using a uniform SOA yield of 10% (corresponding to Mo≅10 μg m-3), it is estimated that ∼2 to 3 Tg yr−1 of SOA results from isoprene+NO3. The extent to which the results from this study can be applied to conditions in the atmosphere depends on the fate of peroxy radicals in the nighttime troposphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4117-4140
Number of pages24
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume8
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 16 2008
Externally publishedYes

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aerosol formation
isoprene
aerosol
nitrate
peroxy radical
gas
troposphere
hydrocarbon
atmosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Ng, N. L., Kwan, A. J., Surratt, J. D., Chan, A. W. H., Chhabra, P. S., Sorooshian, A., ... Seinfeld, J. H. (2008). Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO3). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8(14), 4117-4140.

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO3). / Ng, N. L.; Kwan, A. J.; Surratt, J. D.; Chan, A. W H; Chhabra, P. S.; Sorooshian, Armin; Pye, H. O T; Crounse, J. D.; Wennberg, P. O.; Flagan, R. C.; Seinfeld, J. H.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 8, No. 14, 16.07.2008, p. 4117-4140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ng, NL, Kwan, AJ, Surratt, JD, Chan, AWH, Chhabra, PS, Sorooshian, A, Pye, HOT, Crounse, JD, Wennberg, PO, Flagan, RC & Seinfeld, JH 2008, 'Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO3)', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 14, pp. 4117-4140.
Ng, N. L. ; Kwan, A. J. ; Surratt, J. D. ; Chan, A. W H ; Chhabra, P. S. ; Sorooshian, Armin ; Pye, H. O T ; Crounse, J. D. ; Wennberg, P. O. ; Flagan, R. C. ; Seinfeld, J. H. / Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from reaction of isoprene with nitrate radicals (NO3). In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2008 ; Vol. 8, No. 14. pp. 4117-4140.
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AU - Chan, A. W H

AU - Chhabra, P. S.

AU - Sorooshian, Armin

AU - Pye, H. O T

AU - Crounse, J. D.

AU - Wennberg, P. O.

AU - Flagan, R. C.

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