Self-phase-referenced spectro-interferometry on the Keck interferometer

J. Woillez, R. Akeson, M. Colavita, Joshua A Eisner, R. Millan-Gabet, J. Monnier, J. U. Pott, S. Ragland, P. Wizinowich, M. Abajian, E. Appleby, B. Berkey, A. Cooper, C. Felizardo, J. Herstein, M. Hrynevych, D. Medeiros, D. Morrison, T. Panteleeva, B. SmithK. Summers, K. Tsubota, C. Tyau, E. Wetherell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As part of the astrometric and phase-referenced astronomy (ASTRA) project, three new science modes are being developed for the Keck Interferometer that extend the science capabilities of this instrument to include higher spectral resolution, fainter magnitudes, and astrometry. We report on the successful implementation of the first of these science modes, the self-phase-referencing mode, which provides a K-band (λ = 2:2 μm) spectral resolution of R ∼ 1000 on targets as faint as 7.8 mag with spatial resolution as fine as λ/B = 5 mas in the K band, with the 85 m interferometer baseline. This level of spectral resolution would not have been possible without a phase-referencing implementation extending the integration time limit imposed by atmospheric turbulence. For narrow spectral features, we demonstrate a precision of ±0:01 on the differential V 2(λ), and ±1:7 mrad on the differential phase Φ(λ), equivalent to a differential astrometry precision of ±1:45 μas. This new Keck Interferometer instrument is typically used to study the geometry and location of narrow spectral features at high angular resolution, referenced to a continuum. By simultaneously providing spectral and spatial information, the geometry of velocity fields (e.g., rotating disks, inflows, outflows, etc.) larger than 150 km s -1 can also be explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Volume124
Issue number911
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

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interferometry
spectral resolution
interferometer
astrometry
interferometers
extremely high frequencies
geometry
high resolution
atmospheric turbulence
rotating disks
astronomy
angular resolution
inflow
spatial resolution
outflow
velocity distribution
turbulence
continuums
science

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Woillez, J., Akeson, R., Colavita, M., Eisner, J. A., Millan-Gabet, R., Monnier, J., ... Wetherell, E. (2012). Self-phase-referenced spectro-interferometry on the Keck interferometer. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 124(911), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.1086/664075

Self-phase-referenced spectro-interferometry on the Keck interferometer. / Woillez, J.; Akeson, R.; Colavita, M.; Eisner, Joshua A; Millan-Gabet, R.; Monnier, J.; Pott, J. U.; Ragland, S.; Wizinowich, P.; Abajian, M.; Appleby, E.; Berkey, B.; Cooper, A.; Felizardo, C.; Herstein, J.; Hrynevych, M.; Medeiros, D.; Morrison, D.; Panteleeva, T.; Smith, B.; Summers, K.; Tsubota, K.; Tyau, C.; Wetherell, E.

In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 124, No. 911, 01.2012, p. 51-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woillez, J, Akeson, R, Colavita, M, Eisner, JA, Millan-Gabet, R, Monnier, J, Pott, JU, Ragland, S, Wizinowich, P, Abajian, M, Appleby, E, Berkey, B, Cooper, A, Felizardo, C, Herstein, J, Hrynevych, M, Medeiros, D, Morrison, D, Panteleeva, T, Smith, B, Summers, K, Tsubota, K, Tyau, C & Wetherell, E 2012, 'Self-phase-referenced spectro-interferometry on the Keck interferometer', Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol. 124, no. 911, pp. 51-61. https://doi.org/10.1086/664075
Woillez, J. ; Akeson, R. ; Colavita, M. ; Eisner, Joshua A ; Millan-Gabet, R. ; Monnier, J. ; Pott, J. U. ; Ragland, S. ; Wizinowich, P. ; Abajian, M. ; Appleby, E. ; Berkey, B. ; Cooper, A. ; Felizardo, C. ; Herstein, J. ; Hrynevych, M. ; Medeiros, D. ; Morrison, D. ; Panteleeva, T. ; Smith, B. ; Summers, K. ; Tsubota, K. ; Tyau, C. ; Wetherell, E. / Self-phase-referenced spectro-interferometry on the Keck interferometer. In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 2012 ; Vol. 124, No. 911. pp. 51-61.
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