Self-transcendence, spiritual perspective, and sense of purpose in family caregiving relationships: A mediated model of depression symptoms in Korean older adults

Suk Sun Kim, R. David Hayward, Pamela G Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study used structural equation modeling to test the mediated model of late-life depression to understand the mechanisms that account for the direct and indirect effects of spiritual variables and purpose in life on depression within the context of Korean family caregiving relationships.Method: A secondary analysis study design used data from a study that tested a theory of family interdependence of 157 Korean elder-family caregiver dyads in Seoul, Korea.Results: Both caregivers and elders self-transcendence was positively related to their own sense of purpose in life. However, only elders spiritual perspective was related to purpose in life. Also, elders purpose in life was positively associated with caregivers purpose in life. Furthermore, there was a strong negative relationship between elders purpose in life and their depressive symptoms, but there was not a significant negative relationship between caregivers purpose in life and elders depressive symptoms. Last, elders purpose in life mediated the negative effects of elders self-transcendence and spiritual perspective and of caregivers self-transcendence and purpose in life on elders depression.Conclusion: The findings suggest that purpose in life for both the caregiver and elder played an important role in elders depression. Self-transcendence also was related to decreased depression in elders. It is suggested that more attention be given to caregiver and elder purpose in life in developing interventions to reduce or avoid elder depression in Korean elders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)905-913
Number of pages9
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014

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Depression
Caregivers
Korea

Keywords

  • depression
  • family caregiving
  • Korean elders
  • self-transcendence
  • spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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abstract = "Objectives: This study used structural equation modeling to test the mediated model of late-life depression to understand the mechanisms that account for the direct and indirect effects of spiritual variables and purpose in life on depression within the context of Korean family caregiving relationships.Method: A secondary analysis study design used data from a study that tested a theory of family interdependence of 157 Korean elder-family caregiver dyads in Seoul, Korea.Results: Both caregivers and elders self-transcendence was positively related to their own sense of purpose in life. However, only elders spiritual perspective was related to purpose in life. Also, elders purpose in life was positively associated with caregivers purpose in life. Furthermore, there was a strong negative relationship between elders purpose in life and their depressive symptoms, but there was not a significant negative relationship between caregivers purpose in life and elders depressive symptoms. Last, elders purpose in life mediated the negative effects of elders self-transcendence and spiritual perspective and of caregivers self-transcendence and purpose in life on elders depression.Conclusion: The findings suggest that purpose in life for both the caregiver and elder played an important role in elders depression. Self-transcendence also was related to decreased depression in elders. It is suggested that more attention be given to caregiver and elder purpose in life in developing interventions to reduce or avoid elder depression in Korean elders.",
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AB - Objectives: This study used structural equation modeling to test the mediated model of late-life depression to understand the mechanisms that account for the direct and indirect effects of spiritual variables and purpose in life on depression within the context of Korean family caregiving relationships.Method: A secondary analysis study design used data from a study that tested a theory of family interdependence of 157 Korean elder-family caregiver dyads in Seoul, Korea.Results: Both caregivers and elders self-transcendence was positively related to their own sense of purpose in life. However, only elders spiritual perspective was related to purpose in life. Also, elders purpose in life was positively associated with caregivers purpose in life. Furthermore, there was a strong negative relationship between elders purpose in life and their depressive symptoms, but there was not a significant negative relationship between caregivers purpose in life and elders depressive symptoms. Last, elders purpose in life mediated the negative effects of elders self-transcendence and spiritual perspective and of caregivers self-transcendence and purpose in life on elders depression.Conclusion: The findings suggest that purpose in life for both the caregiver and elder played an important role in elders depression. Self-transcendence also was related to decreased depression in elders. It is suggested that more attention be given to caregiver and elder purpose in life in developing interventions to reduce or avoid elder depression in Korean elders.

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