Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style

Edouard Machery, Ron Mallon, Shaun B Nichols, Stephen Stich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Theories of meaning and reference have been at the heart of analytic philosophy since the beginning of the twentieth century. Two views have dominated the field: the descriptivist view of reference and the causal-historical view of reference. The common wisdom in philosophy is that Kripke has refuted the traditional descriptivist theories of reference by producing some famous stories which elicit intuitions that are inconsistent with these theories. Recent work in cultural psychology has indicated the possibility that the intuitions that guide theorizing in this domain might differ between members of East Asian and Western cultures. This chapter presents evidence that intuition probes, closely modeled on Kripke's stories, elicit significantly different responses from East Asians (Hong Kong undergraduates) and Westerners (American undergraduates). It discusses the significance of this finding for the philosophical pursuit of a theory of reference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCollected Papers: Mind and Language, 1972-2010
PublisherOxford University Press
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9780190267513, 9780199734108
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 22 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intuition
Theory of Reference
Undergraduate
Descriptivist
Asia
Western Culture
Pursuit
Theory of Meaning
Causal
Hong Kong
Westerners
Cultural Psychology
Wisdom
Philosophy
Analytic philosophy

Keywords

  • Analytic philosophy
  • Cultural psychology
  • East asians
  • Intuition probes
  • Saul kripke
  • Theor of reference
  • Westerners

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Machery, E., Mallon, R., Nichols, S. B., & Stich, S. (2011). Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style. In Collected Papers: Mind and Language, 1972-2010 (Vol. 1). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0016

Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style. / Machery, Edouard; Mallon, Ron; Nichols, Shaun B; Stich, Stephen.

Collected Papers: Mind and Language, 1972-2010. Vol. 1 Oxford University Press, 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Machery, E, Mallon, R, Nichols, SB & Stich, S 2011, Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style. in Collected Papers: Mind and Language, 1972-2010. vol. 1, Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0016
Machery E, Mallon R, Nichols SB, Stich S. Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style. In Collected Papers: Mind and Language, 1972-2010. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press. 2011 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0016
Machery, Edouard ; Mallon, Ron ; Nichols, Shaun B ; Stich, Stephen. / Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style. Collected Papers: Mind and Language, 1972-2010. Vol. 1 Oxford University Press, 2011.
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