Sensitivity to grammatical marking in English-speaking and French-speaking non-fluent aphasics

J. L. Nicol, C. Jakubowicz, M. C. Goldblum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examine the sensitivity of English-speaking and French-speaking non-fluent aphasic subjects to grammatical marking such as number and gender. Using a sentence-picture matching paradigm we tested sentences in which grammatical marking appeared in one position only: e.g. That sheep crossed the stream vs The goat crossed the stream vs The sheep is crossing the stream vs The sheep crosses the stream. Performance across sentence types varied according to two factors: (1) marking within the noun phrase was easier for subjects to discern than marking which appeared outside the noun phrase; (2) marking which was an inherent feature of a free (unbound) morpheme was associated with better performance than marking which was affixal in nature. These factors were relevant for subjects from both language groups, despite differences between languages in terms of probability of grammatical marking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-622
Number of pages30
JournalAphasiology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • LPN and LVN

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